The Aarne-Thompson index, also known as the AT index or the Aarne-Thompson classification system, is a system used to classify and catalog folktales and other types of oral literature. It was developed by Finnish folklorist Antti Aarne in the early 20th century and later expanded upon by his colleague, Stith Thompson.
The Aarne-Thompson index is a comprehensive system that categorizes folktales based on their plot type, motifs, and other elements. It consists of over 2,000 different folktale types, each with its own unique number assigned to it. These numbers are used to classify and organize folktales in a way that makes it easier to study and compare them.
One of the unique features of the Aarne-Thompson index is that it takes into account the various versions of a single folktale that may exist in different cultures. For example, there may be multiple versions of the same folktale in different languages or regions, but they all belong to the same folktale type according to the AT index. This helps folklorists to identify common themes and motifs across different cultures and to understand how these stories have evolved over time.
The Aarne-Thompson index has been widely used by folklorists and researchers in the field of oral literature, and it has helped to shed light on the cultural and historical significance of folktales. It is an important tool for understanding how these stories have been passed down through the ages and how they have shaped the cultural identity of different communities.
In conclusion, the Aarne-Thompson index is a valuable resource for studying and understanding folktales and other types of oral literature. It is a comprehensive system that has been widely used by researchers in the field and has contributed to a deeper understanding of the cultural significance of these stories.
The ultimate book about folktales
Basile's version heavily influenced many of the variants that were published after it. Still others Sometimes, though, that very abstraction and decontextualization makes for its own, curiosity-inducing poetry. Recherches sur la formation du sujet dans le conte populaire , Gosizdat Ukrainy, Odessa, 1924. «Folklore Fellow's Communications, 3», Helsinki, 1910. It told the story of Ye Xian, an orphan girl treated like a servant by her cruel stepmother and stepsister whose only consolation is the fish she befriended. It may be told as a complete narrative and does not depend for its meaning on any other tale.
Motif-index of medieval Catalan folktales. Selon lui, ces reproches rejoignent ceux qu'on peut adresser à la classification de R. Bloomington; London, Indiana University Press, 1955-58. While the Aarne-Thompson index contains even more design decisions, I shall here discontinue my appraisal of the qualities of this index. Glass slippers and fairy godmothers seems pretty magical, so that seems a good place to start.
Many of this parts appeared for the first time in Ye Xian, a story included in the 21st chapter of the book Miscellaneous Morsels from Youyang by Duan Chengshi, wrote in China during the Tang Dinasty. The Types of the Folktale: A Classification and Bibliography, The Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, Helsinki. Based on the system of Antti Aarne and Stith Thompson. Despite having the shoe test that become an essential part of the Cinderella story, the story of Rhodopis misses many of the other most iconic parts of the Cinderella story, like the heroine's step-family as the villains and the magic helper who provides clothing so the heroine could go to an event where the king or prince sees the heroine for the first time and fall in love with her. Based on the system of Antti Aarne and Stith Thompson.
Motif-index of Latvian folktales and legends. At the beginning of the 19th Century new opera adaptations appeared, like the three-act opera Cendrillon composed by Maltese-born composer Nicholas Isouard and libretti by Charles Guillaume Étienne. A Guide to Folktales in the English Language: Based on the Aarne—Thompson Classification System. A Motif-Index of Traditional Polynesian Narratives. Some of them consisted on deleting details that make the tale too close to Perrault's version, like Cinderella having to return from the ball before midnight.
So of course instead of altering the system to better fit these stories, they just ignore them. A list of motifs in the lives of the early Irish saints. Or the descriptors can be surprisingly off the wall. Most of your well-known fables would go under Animal Tales. The Types of International Folktales: A Classification and Bibliography.
His version, La Cenerentola, premiered in Rome on January 25th 1817 and quickly became a bigger success than Isouard's. Thus, also at this occasion, the design of the index reduces the risk that later scientific debates would compromise the structure of the index — and the potential emergence of incompatible versions of it. As it is now, it really only helps a singular group of folklorists with basic, macro-level comparative methods. Ashliman, the index however contains religious stories lacking a definition of time and space, and stories that highly resemble invented tales, such as accounts of vampires. Tale type- and motif-indexes: An annotated bibliography. I suspect that a further reason for the choice of narratives has been to prevent conflicts. The Types of International Folktales: A Classification and Bibliography.
Thus the index does not codify and thus interfere with ongoing scientific discourse and unanswered and perhaps debated research questions. Aarne developed their historic-geographic method of comparative folkloristics, and developed the initial version of what became the Aarne—Thompson tale type index for classifying folktales, first published in 1910 as Verzeichnis der Märchentypen. Titled Zolushka, the ballet premiered on November 21st 1945 on Moscow. This kind of thing was particularly disappointing because, as the scholar Torborg Lundell more complex than their popular reinterpretations. You see your variations of the tale and some examples.
Click on a type heading to get a list of tales. The names given are typical, but usage varies; the same type number may be referred to by its central motif, or by one variant folk tale of that type, which can itself vary, especially when used in different countries where different variants are well known. Being an index of folklore, the Aarne-Thompson index is missing most of the latter stories. «Folklore Fellow's Communications, 74», Helsinki, 1928. It may indeed happen to be told with another tale, but the fact that it may be told alone attests its independence. The other downside is, well…it got taken down.