Arab socialism. Socialism In The Arab World: A Road Less Travelled 2022-11-16
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Arab socialism is a political ideology that combines socialist and nationalist ideas, with a focus on Arab unity and independence from Western powers. It emerged in the mid-20th century, particularly in countries such as Egypt, Syria, and Iraq, as a response to colonialism and imperialism, and as a way to address economic inequality and social justice.
The main ideas of Arab socialism are based on the belief that the state should play a central role in planning and regulating the economy, in order to promote the welfare of the population and achieve social justice. This includes implementing policies such as progressive taxation, land reform, and public ownership of key industries. Arab socialist leaders also emphasized the importance of education and cultural development, as well as the need for Arab unity and independence from foreign domination.
One of the main figures associated with Arab socialism was Gamal Abdel Nasser, the President of Egypt from 1956 to 1970. Nasser implemented a number of socialist policies in Egypt, including nationalizing key industries such as banks, insurance companies, and the Suez Canal, and implementing land reform and progressive taxation. He also promoted education and cultural development, and sought to build closer ties with other Arab countries.
However, Arab socialism has not always been successful in practice. In some cases, socialist policies were implemented in a authoritarian and repressive manner, leading to human rights abuses and a lack of political freedoms. In addition, Arab socialist countries often faced economic challenges, including high levels of debt and a lack of foreign investment.
Despite these challenges, Arab socialism continues to influence political debates and policy-making in the Arab world. Many people continue to see it as a way to address inequality and promote social justice, and some argue that it has the potential to address the economic and political challenges facing the region. However, others argue that it is not a viable solution, and that other approaches, such as liberal democracy and free market capitalism, are more likely to lead to prosperity and stability.
Arab Socialist Union (Iraq)
The ideology called for a political, cultural, economic and social rebirth of the Arab world, united as one independent and sovereign Arab nation-state. Because the individual must pay zakat on the net wealth, wealthy Muslims are compelled to invest in profitable ventures, or otherwise see their wealth slowly erode. Quote: Zakat literally means that which purifies. However the ratification of this law had not meant cancellation of the Arab Socialist Union, rather it had given the Union more powers to allow party formation. Furthermore, means of production such as equipment, factories and tools are exempt from zakat, which further provides the incentive to invest wealth in productive businesses.
To go down the rabbit hole of what constitutes a socialist country By denoting themselves Arab Socialists, it was to distinctly distance them from the broader international socialist movement. A more recent case for socialism finding its way into the region was the Arab Spring movement, which saw massive mass protests jolt leaderships. It is a form of sacrifice which purifies worldly goods from their worldly and sometimes impure means of acquisition, and which, according to God's wish, must be channelled towards the community. Then, in 1976, the beginning of political pluralism allowed three political platforms — left, centre and right — to form within the Arab Socialist Union. There are hardly any ground-up narratives that shed light on the forays that socialism has made in the region.
Arab Socialism: A Documentary Survey. Believe it or not, there was a time in Iran when wearing the headscarf was banned! An Islamic Utopian: A Political Biography of Ali Shari'ati. Arab Socialism specifically tries to combine Pan-Arabism, Socialism and to an extent, Islam. The word Nasserism itself refers to the ideology of Gamal Abdel Nasser, the second President of Egypt. The economic programme drawn up some 1,350 years back is still the best economic programme for us.
Princeton studies on the Near East. On many occasions, Marxists were often persecuted by Arab Socialist regimes. Whether mainstream history someday acknowledges the role of socialism in the Arab world or not, the winds of socialism will keep blowing across the red deserts every now and then. An estimated 100 members were arrested and exiled in 1897 after encouraging people not to participate in the population census. But what exactly was Arab Socialism? Liaquat Ali Khan: His Life and Work. It also unsuccessfully went to war with Israel on more than one occasion. Egypt was to become a big regional player, as well as almost achieving the goal of a unified Arab state.
Socialist thinking, for example, has been a major presence in the war-torn, resource-scare country of Yemen as well as in Egypt, Iraq and Syria. It fell apart when the Syrians realized they were more of a province of Egypt than an equal partner. Islamic finance: principles and practice. Egypt and other countries were to experiment with various forms of united republics and federations, all of which were to fail. Rebels With A Cause: The Failure of the Left in Iran. It combines elements of Arab Socialism, republicanism, nationalism, anti-imperialism, development of world solidarity and international non-alignment. Make what you will of that.
One, socialism although tactically unacknowledged had formally arrived in modern-day Persia. It was, and to an extent, one of the more successful brands of socialism. Following the Following assuming office in 1970, late president These forums were later transformed into parties, forming today's Egyptian major political parties. According to the Hadith, the family of Muhammad should not consume any zakat. In June 1977, the law of political party was enacted, allowed the existence of several political parties and demonstrated the shift to a multi-party system.
Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. Social welfare and religion in the Middle East: a Lebanese perspective. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. It is obligatory for all financially able Muslim adults and is considered to be an act of piety through which one expresses concern for the well-being of fellow Muslims as well as preserving social harmony between the wealthy and the poor. In addition, a new player was to enter the scene. Most interestingly, and what would prove important later, was that they also espoused a single Arab State, or at least some kind of Arab Unity.
. Egypt was a leading member of the non-aligned movement. You can read more about Rojava here To see the Middle-East for yourself check out our wide ranging About Post Author. Islamic Economics and the Final Jihad. Also it is forbidden to disburse zakat funds into investments instead of being directly given to those who are in need.
The Islamic voluntary sector in Southeast Asia: Islam and the economic development of Southeast Asia. Arab Socialism was one of the many brands of socialism that appeared in the 20th century. Quite how Socialist they are though, remains open to debate. Zakat is meant to discourage the hoarding of capital and stimulate investment. Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World.