Characteristics of metaphysical poetry john donne. Characteristics of Metaphysical Poetry : Thinking Literature by Shyam 2022-10-28
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Metaphysical poetry is a term used to describe a type of poetry that was popular in the 17th century, and which was characterized by the use of complex and abstract imagery, as well as by the use of philosophical and intellectual ideas. One of the most famous practitioners of this type of poetry was the English poet John Donne, who is known for his use of unusual and intellectually challenging metaphors, as well as for his exploration of deep and universal themes. In this essay, we will explore some of the main characteristics of metaphysical poetry, with a focus on the work of John Donne.
One of the most striking characteristics of metaphysical poetry is its use of unusual and complex imagery. This type of poetry often employs metaphors and similes that are highly intellectual and abstract, and which may require a great deal of thought to fully understand. For example, in Donne's poem "The Flea," he compares the act of making love to the act of a flea sucking the blood of its host, stating that the flea's actions are a kind of "marriage" between the two bodies. This metaphor is both striking and intellectually challenging, as it requires the reader to think deeply about the relationship between the two seemingly unrelated things being compared.
Another characteristic of metaphysical poetry is its focus on deep and universal themes. Many of the poems written by Donne and other metaphysical poets explore concepts such as love, death, and the nature of the universe. These themes are often approached in an intellectually rigorous and abstract manner, with the poet using complex imagery and ideas to explore and analyze them. For example, in Donne's poem "Death Be Not Proud," he meditates on the nature of death and the idea of immortality, using complex and abstract imagery to convey his ideas.
Metaphysical poetry is also known for its use of paradoxes and contradictions. Many of the poems written in this style contain ideas and images that seem to be at odds with each other, creating a sense of tension and complexity. For example, in Donne's poem "The Canonization," he compares the experience of falling in love to the process of being "cannonized," or made a saint, stating that both involve a kind of "death" and transformation. This comparison creates a sense of paradox, as the two things being compared seem to be completely unrelated.
Finally, metaphysical poetry is characterized by its use of wit and intelligence. Many of the poems written in this style are filled with clever wordplay and intellectual jokes, as the poets sought to engage their readers on an intellectual level. Donne, in particular, was known for his use of wit and intelligence in his poetry, and his poems often contain clever plays on words and complex ideas that challenge the reader's mind.
In conclusion, metaphysical poetry, as exemplified by the work of John Donne, is characterized by its use of complex and abstract imagery, its focus on deep and universal themes, its use of paradoxes and contradictions, and its emphasis on wit and intelligence. These characteristics have made metaphysical poetry a lasting and influential part of the literary canon, and have helped to establish Donne as one of the greatest poets of all time.
John Donne as a Metaphysical Poet
However, the song is about a more current time period, because it uses words that are easy to understand, and words we use today. Two others important metaphysical poets are Richard Crashaw 1613-1649 and Abraham Cowley. The poem is about true love, a stark contrast to the previous one mentioned. The two texts are similar because they are both about a love. In Donne's poem he explains being at ease with death and has come to terms with it and isn't choosing to sit and mourner about dying but instead coming to a realization that it's bound to happen to everyone so just live life.
Characteristics of Metaphysical Poetry : Thinking Literature by Shyam
Combination of passion and thought is a peculiar characteristic of metaphysical poetry and is another form of wit. Overall, John Donne enlists all of the conventions of a metaphysical poet in his prose, meditation and poems. All the metaphysicals have ability for unusual witty comparison , juxtaposition, and imagery. Read Further John Donne as a metaphysical poet. John Donne's importance in English poetry is found much enhanced by his immense impact on 20th century English poetry. Such examples of conceits abound in the poetry of Donne, Vaughan, Marvell, and Crashaw. Hence this last statement presents a playful accusation which is meant to tease the lady and make her feel naïve and foolish and by that demonstrating her that he disapproves of her denial.
It is not purposely trying to convince readers to think in a certain way but it provides a new way of thinking. A conceit is basically a form of comparison used to communicate a particularly new and striking notion via the use of figurative language. Surprisingly the latter builds a union with the former rather than a counterpart. Donne received his early education privately. Unlike the Elizabethan, his conceits are not mere decoration, but an integral part of his poetry. But, it had a tremendous impact on poetry in general and later critics highly acknowledged the skill of these 17 th century poets. However, the focus will be on Donne's metaphysical love poetry.
Metaphysical poetry by John donne notes , meaning , features
Metaphysical poetry is usually characterized by the poet's attention to a single topic -- usually of a more philosophical nature. He used the term Metaphysical poets to define a loose group of the poets of 17 th century. Their poetry give connections that encourage the mind to go beyond the common point of similarity, resulting in a delightful surprise. He is followed by others such as Characteristics of Metaphysical Poetry One of the most prominent characteristics of this movement is the spoken quality of the poetry, something that many other writers of that time did not approve of. A clever, though obviously frivolous conceit is employed in The Flea where the insect is called the marriage-bed and the marriage-temple of the lovers because it has bitten them and sucked their blood.
The unique position of John Donne's metaphysical love poetry in Renaissance poetry
During that period, he was in charge of composing philosophical poetry. As a reader, reading this first stanza, one pictures a conversation between two lovers, the speaker explaining the issue he wants to clarify. He also incorporates many significant comparisons in his poems. On the hand hand the speaker compares the union of blood to holy marriage saying that the former even exceeds the latter. John Dryden, while writing on 'Metaphysics' saying 'He affects the metaphysics'. This religious allusion does not appear as a coincidence.
Characteristics Of Metaphysical Poetry In English Literature
As an adult, one is unable to access the divine world as easily. His poems dealing with the theme of religion is truly Christian. The versification of the metaphysical poetry is also coarse and jerky like its diction. The speaker seems very emotional showing an alleged or actual feeling of fear and despair. He, flouting the maxim of quality said that death gives peace to people, whereas it is looked upon as evil. In his religious poetry, too, Donne uses far-fetched conceits. To compare is to examine two or more things in order to note the similarities and dissimilarities present between them.
Salient Features (Characteristics) Of John Donne's Poetry
In this quote, Van Gogh summarizes a subject great writers like Ralph Waldo Emerson has devoted entire essays to defining and explaining, and that is the subject of poetry. He noted in his writing that all of these poets had the same style of wit and conceit in their poetry. It reflects upon the latter and uses it as a reference for the new written work. These unusual comparison are metaphysical conceits. To Essay On Passionate Love 1543 Words 7 Pages What is love? The flea is established as the symbol for the lady's denial to fulfil the speaker's wish for physical love. Poems classified in this category do share the same characteristics.
He spends the poem trying to convince her that they need to go to bed together. The speaker has obviously asked the lady to satisfy his sexual de-sire by consuming their love. And I replied My Lord. He is essentially a religious poet. Every line conveys a lot of meanings in a few words. His poetry is known for its deft blending of humour and seriousness, and it symbolizes a departure from traditional models in favor of a more personal approach. The presence of conceit has given on intellectual bias to metaphysical poetry.
John Donne's Poems: Characteristics Of Metaphysical Poetry
In addition, these themes are presented in lyrical style that intensifies the mystical nature of the work. There are just so many questions like that, which otherwise we might ignore. Metaphysical poetry is characterized by concentration rather than detailed description. The word is taken after Plato. In its interpretation, it means that the term metaphysical is beyond meta physical nature. A conceit invites an out-of-the-ordinary comparison between the things, one marked by incongruity rather than resemblance. Moreover it establishes the conceit of the flea as a metaphor for physical love as well as spiritual love.