Charles grandison finney biography. CHARLES GRANDISON FINNEY a biography by G. Frederick Wright 2022-11-08
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Charles Grandison Finney was a prominent figure in the Second Great Awakening, a religious movement that swept across the United States in the early 19th century. Finney was born in Warren, Connecticut in 1792 and grew up on a farm in the rural town of Henderson, New York. He was the fifth of nine children and received a limited education due to the demands of farm life. Despite this, Finney was a curious and intelligent young man, and he spent much of his free time reading and studying on his own.
Finney's religious beliefs changed significantly over the course of his life. As a young man, he was a deist, believing in a higher power but not necessarily in the Christian God. However, after a series of personal experiences and encounters with influential religious figures, Finney became a devout Christian and was ordained as a Presbyterian minister in 1824.
Finney's preaching style was unconventional and highly emotional, and he became known for his ability to inspire conversions and bring people to a deeper understanding of their faith. He was a strong advocate for social justice and worked tirelessly to promote moral reform and combat slavery.
Finney's most significant contribution to the Second Great Awakening was his promotion of the concept of "revivalism," or the idea that religious revivals could bring about significant social and moral change. Finney's revival meetings were often large and boisterous, and he was known for using dramatic techniques to engage his audience and bring them to a state of religious fervor.
In addition to his work as a minister, Finney was also a prolific writer and published numerous books on theology and religious practice. He was a strong supporter of education and founded a number of schools and colleges, including Oberlin College in Ohio, which was one of the first co-educational colleges in the United States.
Finney's influence on American religious and social movements cannot be overstated. His innovative approach to evangelism and his dedication to social justice helped to shape the course of American history and continue to be felt today.
Biography of Charles G Finney
He says, however, that there had been noise, and "no small stir about these things," but all this was made by the enemies of the revivals. According to his own account, the main outline of his subsequent theological system was sketched in an effort to answer a Universalist minister who maintained that the doctrine of universal salvation was a corollary to the doctrines of Calvinism. These two then arranged to spend the following day in fasting and prayer, separately in the morning and together in the afternoon. But in view of his mother's ill health, he was led to remain within reach of her, and so began the study of law in the office of Benjamin Wright, in the town of Adams, a few miles away; there in due time he was admitted to the bar, and entered upon the work of his profession. It was surely a light such as I could not have endured long. As Finney recognized no intermediate position between a state of disobedience and a state of obedience, he never adopted a formula of invitation which implied such a state. His instant reply was, "I must see them," and he immediately put on his overcoat and set out to look them up.
Gale for the time turned over the public defense of the orthodox doctrine of eternal punishment to Finney, who conducted it on the theory that the atonement was indeed general in its provisions, but was designed simply to satisfy "public justice" 2 by honoring the law both in Christ's obedience and in his death; thus rendering it safe for God to pardon sin, to pardon the sins of any man, and of all men, who would repent and believe in Him. Finney's theological views focused on common sense and humanity's ability to reform itself. As he proceeded from night to night with his lectures addressed especially to them, the interest increased, and finally culminated, without any call on Finney's part, in a spontaneous movement, in which the lawyers, almost en masse, arose one evening and expressed their determination henceforth to live Christian lives, and to acknowledge God before the world. He, like many others that day, among them a prominent lawyer, had said, when the rumor of Finney's conversion became current, that it could not be true, that Finney was simply trying to see what he could make Christian people believe. We have a better right here than you! The Cambridge Companion to English Literature 1740—1830. He found himself no longer trusting alone in the efficacy of his own resolution, but in the supreme mercy of a Heavenly Father.
Finney's conversion belongs to the same class as that of the apostle Paul, in which the inward change of character is necessarily connected with a complete transformation of the outward conduct. At this juncture, the passage of Scripture was suggested to him, which runs: "Then shall ye go and pray unto me, and I will hearken unto you. After several hours, he returned to his office, where he experienced such forceful emotion that he questioned those who could not testify to a similar encounter. The antislavery impulse, 1830—1844. The Lives of Cleopatra and Octavia. Upon the forenoon of the second clay July 19th , it was unanimously voted, "That revivals of true religion are the work of God's Spirit, by which, in a comparatively short period of time, many persons are convinced of sin, and are brought to the exercise of repentance toward God, and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ; "That the preservation and extension of true religion in our land have been much promoted by these revivals; "That, according to the Bible and the indications of Providence, greater and more glorious revivals are to be expected than have yet existed; "That, though revivals of religion are the work of God's Spirit, they are produced by means of divine truth and human instrumentality, and are liable to be advanced or hindered by measures which are adopted in conducting them.
Gale, of the Oneida Academy, and Silas Churchill, pastor at New Lebanon. The change in public sentiment can be appreciated only by recalling the strength of Beecher's opposition four years before, when he had said to Finney: Finney, I know your plan, and you know I do; you mean to come to Connecticut and carry a streak of fire to Boston. Some students of divinity and others, in their attempts to imitate brother Finney, have reminded us of the conduct and success of the seven sons of Sceva, who undertook to imitate Paul in Acts xix. Jackson, MS: Mississippi UP, 2010, p. The man who was known as Lot was called upon to pray, but even his stentorian voice was unable to attract the attention of the agonized people. No one can form any conception of the power of his appeal. Thirty years later he was the same man, animated by the same overpowering desire to lead men into a better life, but of course somewhat polished by his long contact with city audiences.
CHARLES GRANDISON FINNEY a biography by G. Frederick Wright
With this presentation Finney silenced the Universalist, and carried with him the convictions of the whole community. He felt that God wanted him to preach the gospel, and that he must begin immediately. Conversions were numerous, also, in many places for a considerable distance around upon the mere hearing of the progress of the work. For Zion's sake, I wish to save brother Finney from a course which I am confident will greatly retard his usefulness before he knows it. The revival attending his preaching was similar in most respects to those in central New York. It was then moved by Frost, and seconded by Finney, that the following question be answered, to wit: - "Is it right for a woman in any case to pray in the presence of a man? But they were men of good reputation, and their opposition went so far that another Presbyterian church was founded, with them as chief supporters.
Upon the following evening, the mob again gathered in front of the chapel, under the impression that there was another meeting to be broken up. It was about noon, and no sooner did the people of the place learn that Finney was at the blacksmith shop than they began to crowd around him, and urge him to preach in the schoolhouse at one o'clock. They mistook the feeling of certainty and confidence, produced by nervous excitement and perverted sensation, for absolute knowledge, if not for inspiration; and drove the whirlwind of their insane piety through the churches with a fury which could not be resisted, and with a desolating influence which in many places has made its track visible to the present day. Such, in brief, is the account given by Finney of his conversion. Now thou knowest that I do search for thee with all my heart and that I have come here to pray to thee, and thou hast promised to hear me. Beecher acknowledged that the course of the trustees in Lane Seminary was indefensible, and said that he would never consent to the suppression of discussion among the students.
Letters of invitation were at once sent out, 15 and the convention assembled at New Lebanon in July, 1827. This he made it his practice to attend as often as business permitted. Of the character and effect of these lectures we shall speak in another place. Finney was simply one of the invited members. Still, after a short struggle, he became fully convinced that the Bible was indeed the true Word of God, 1 and its solemn commands pressed upon his conscience with ever-increasing weight. Fowler, Sir Rowland Meredith, and Sir Hargrave Pollexfen.
Under his presentation, it is said, the "congregation was much moved. Her application was resisted by the citizens, and, upon Miss Crandall's determination to admit the girl, all her other pupils withdrew. On the following morning, Mr. Brace, pastor of the Second Church in Utica, is equally emphatic in his expressions of satisfaction with the results of Finney's work in the city. This was brought about, it seems, by a chance meeting between Finney and Catherine Beecher. He "wept aloud with joy and love," and, to use his own words, "literally bellowed out the unutterable gushings" of his heart. Equally marked was the providence which now transferred his labors from the northern to the central counties of New York.