Cognizance, or awareness, is a fundamental aspect of human experience. It refers to our ability to perceive and recognize things, to understand and interpret the world around us, and to be conscious of our own thoughts, feelings, and actions.
The concept of cognizance has long been of interest to philosophers, psychologists, and neuroscientists, who have sought to understand how it arises and how it relates to other mental processes. In recent years, there has been a great deal of research on the neural basis of cognizance, with scientists using a variety of techniques, including brain imaging, to study the activity of the brain during various states of awareness.
One of the most important theories of cognizance is the global workspace theory, which suggests that awareness arises when information from various parts of the brain is integrated and made available to other brain regions for further processing. According to this theory, the brain operates like a network, with different areas specialized for different tasks, and consciousness arises when these areas communicate and share information with one another.
There are many different factors that can influence our level of cognizance, including attention, emotion, and arousal. For example, when we are focused on a particular task or object, we tend to be more aware of it, while distractions or other competing stimuli can disrupt our awareness. Similarly, our emotional state can also influence our level of cognizance, with strong emotions often leading to heightened awareness.
Cognizance is also closely related to other mental processes, such as memory and learning. When we are aware of something, we are more likely to remember it, and our awareness of a particular event or experience can shape the way we interpret and understand it in the future.
In conclusion, cognizance is a complex and multifaceted aspect of human experience that is essential to our ability to perceive and understand the world around us. While much is still unknown about the precise mechanisms underlying cognizance, ongoing research is helping to shed light on this important aspect of human psychology and neuroscience.
Section 199 2 is an exception to Section 193. Section 190 , 191 , 192 , 193 , 194 , 195 , 196 , 197 , 198 , and 199 deals with methods by which and the limitations subject to which various criminal courts are established to take cognizance of offences. The judicial officer will have to take cognizance of the offence before he could proceed to conduct or trail. The right of the secular tribunals to take cognizance of the offences of ecclesiastics had been asserted in two remarkable cases; and the scope of two ancient laws of the city of Venice, forbidding the foundation of churches or ecclesiastical congregations without the consent of the state, and the acquisition of property by priests or religious bodies, had been extended over the entire territory of the republic. Basically, it means applying the Judicial mind in a suspected commission of the offence.
Such passages will be found, however, to be based upon facts admitting of no contradiction, and which have come immediately under the writer's cognizance. There is no consent requires for cognizance when Judges, Magistrate or Public Servants has done offence which is punishable under Section 161A , 161B , 354A to 354D , 370 , 376 , 376A , 376B , 376C and 509 of Indian Penal Code. Being cognizant of something is recognizing that it exists, having knowledge of it, or being aware of it. It includes information about facts of the offence, the nature of that offence and information about every sufficient point in a complaint through which sufficient notice is given to accused who have done offence of defamation. In the case of R.
Provided that the third party can also make a complaint on behalf of the victim, with the permission of the Court when the victim is not able to make a complaint. Example: At what point did you become cognizant of the fact that you were not receiving everything that you were promised? However, the meaning of the term is well defined by the Courts. Brawling in a church was an offence which formerly fell solely under the cognizance of the spiritual courts, but by the Ecclesiastical Courts Jurisdiction Act 1860 any person guilty of brawling in churches or chapels of the Church of England or Ireland, or in any chapel of any religious denomination, is liable on conviction to a fine or imprisonment see Brawling , while clergymen of the Church of England may also be dealt with under the Clergy Discipline Act 1892. You can click on this link and join: Follow us onÂ. The court will not take cognizance in case of an attempt, conspiracy, abetment of offences relating to documents given in evidence. Any Chief Judicial Magistrate can make over the case for inquiry or trial to any competent Magistrate subordinate to him.
The court will not take cognizance in case of an attempt, conspiracy, abetment of offences against public justice. Cognizant is typically used in a formal way. LawSikho has created a telegram group for exchanging legal knowledge, referrals, and various opportunities. Taking cognizance is the first and foremost steps towards the trail. If a magistrate involves his mind not for reason of proceeding as mentioned above, but for taking action of some other kind, example ordering investigation under Section 156 3 or issuing the search warrant for the purpose of the investigation, he cannot be said to have taken cognizance of offence. Cognizant is used in a more specific way in a legal context. Provided that, the Magistrate need not examine the complainant and the witnesses when the complaint is made in writing.
Cognizance of offences under code of criminal procedure, 1973
In January 1606 the papal nuncio delivered a brief demanding the unconditional submission of the Venetians. The English common law has never taken cognizance of the commission of acts of cruelty upon animals, and direct legislation upon the subject, dating from the 19th century, was due in a great measure to public agitation, supported by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals founded in 1824. With a plethora of events including online events like Insomnia and Illushun, theme events Elixir and Edify, Model United Nations, Competitions Chaos and Corpostrat, and the most awaited robotics events like Robosapiens and Armageddon, Cognizance 2015 ensures the best time possible for all enthusiasts. Despite the edict of Romorantin, which by giving the bishops the right, of cognizance of heresy prevented the introduction of the Inquisition on the Spanish model into France; despite the assembly of Fontainebleau, where an attempt was made at a compromise acceptable to both Catholics and moderate Calvinists; the reform party and its Bourbon leaders, arrested at the states-general of Orleans, were in danger of their lives. The complaint shall examine upon oath the complainant and the witnesses present, and it should also be in writing and signed by the complainant, witnesses and also by Magistrate. Section 195 4 deals with the concept of the superior court and subordinate court discussed in Section 195 1 b. The general assembly reviews all the work of the Church; settles controversies; makes administrative laws; directs and stimulates missionary and other spiritual work; appoints professors of theology; admits to the ministry applicants from other churches; hears and decides complaints, references and appeals which have come up through the inferior courts; and takes cognizance of all matters connected with the Church's interests or with the general welfare of the people.
In simple words, when a Magistrate takes cognizance by another person other than a police officer, or upon his own knowledge, then accused can change Judicial Magistrate according to his desire before taking any evidence. To be cognizant of something is to be aware of it or have knowledge of it. The related word He was released on his own recognizance. Clemenceau and Lloyd George found themselves between two irreconcilable standpoints - between Sonnino, who claimed the liberal fulfilment of their treaty pledges, with the addition of the port of Fiume, and President Wilson, 'who refused all cognizance of the secret treaties and regarded them as expressly abrogated by the Allies when they accepted his successive notes as the basis of the Armistice. .
The adjective aware means much the same thing but is used more broadly. It includes the intention of starting a judicial proceeding with respect to an offence or taking steps to see whether there is a basis for starting the judicial proceeding. What are some other forms related to cognizant? I have a tiny cut on the tip of my right index finger and have never been more cognizant of how much I take this fingertip for granted. The education of a mandarin includes local history, cognizance of the administrative rites, customs, laws and prescriptions of the country, the ethics of Confucius, the rules of good breeding, the ceremonial of official and social life, and the practical acquirements necessary to the conduct of public or private business. So, taking cognizance is also said to be the application of judicial mind. Taking cognizance does not involve any kind of formal action but occurs as soon as a magistrate as such applies his mind to the suspected commission of an offence for the purpose of legal proceedings. Bean, one of the Americans, was found a note-book in which had been penciled some sentences which admit us, in flesh and spirit, as it were, to the presence of these men during their last hours of life, and to the grisly horrors which their fading vision looked upon and their failing consciousness took cognizance of: Nor was he disappointed entirely, for as she walked away she raised one hand to the black, waving mass at the nape of her neck--the peculiarly feminine gesture that admits cognizance of appraising eyes behind her--and Tarzan saw upon a finger of this hand the ring of strange workmanship that he had seen upon the finger of the veiled woman a short time before.
Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. The conclusions deduced from these facts are unavoidable, and in stating them the author has been influenced by no feeling of animosity, either to the individuals themselves, or to that glorious cause which has not always been served by the proceedings of some of its advocates. When a Magistrate takes cognizance by another person other than a police officer, or upon his own knowledge, then accused is entitled to have the case inquired into or tried by another judicial magistrate. It is trite that before taking cognizance that court should satisfy that ingredients of the offence charged are there or not. The Chief Judicial Magistrate can give general or specific order to any first-class magistrate to make over the case for inquiry or trial to another competent Judicial magistrate. From the Conquest or even earlier they had, besides various lesser rights - 1 exemption from tax and tallage; 2 soc and sac, or full cognizance of all criminal and civil cases within their liberties; 3 tol and team, or the right of receiving toll and the right of compelling the person in whose hands stolen property was found to name the person from whom he received it; 4 blodwit and fledwit, or the right to punish shedders of blood and those who were seized in an attempt to escape from justice; 5 pillory and tumbrel; 6 infangentheof and r L outfangentheof, or power to imprison and execute felons; 7 mundbryce the breaking into or violation of a man's mund or property in order to erect banks or dikes as a defence against the sea ; 8 waives and strays, or the right to appropriate lost property or cattle not claimed within a year and a day; 9 the right to seize all flotsam, jetsam, or ligan, or, in other words, whatever of value was cast ashore by the sea; 10 the privilege of being a gild with power to impose taxes for the common weal; and 11 the right of assembling in portmote or parliament at Shepway or Shepway Cross, a few miles west of Hythe but afterwards at Dover , the parliament being empowered to make by-laws for the Cinque Ports, to regulate the Yarmouth fishery, to hear appeals from the local courts, and to give decision in all cases of treason, sedition, illegal coining or concealment of treasure trove. The first records of cognizant come from around 1820.