Cultural reproduction. Cultural reproduction or cultural mobility? Unequal education achievement among Chinese college students 2022-10-27
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Cultural reproduction refers to the transmission of cultural norms, values, and beliefs from one generation to the next. It is a process by which the culture of a society is maintained and preserved over time. There are several ways in which cultural reproduction occurs, including education, socialization, and the media.
One of the primary ways in which cultural reproduction occurs is through education. Schools, universities, and other educational institutions play a vital role in shaping the beliefs and values of young people. They teach students about the history, customs, and traditions of their culture, as well as the values and norms that are considered important within that culture. This helps to ensure that these values and norms are passed down from one generation to the next.
Another way in which cultural reproduction occurs is through socialization. This refers to the process by which individuals learn about the expectations, norms, and values of their culture and society. It occurs through interactions with family, friends, and other members of one's community. Children, in particular, learn about their culture and society through socialization, as they are exposed to the beliefs and values of those around them.
The media also plays a role in cultural reproduction. Television, movies, music, and other forms of mass media can influence the beliefs and values of individuals, particularly young people. They provide a window into different cultures and can shape the way that people view the world.
Cultural reproduction is important because it helps to maintain the continuity and stability of a culture. It ensures that the values, beliefs, and norms of a culture are passed down from one generation to the next, helping to preserve the culture for future generations. However, it is not a completely static process. Culture is constantly evolving and changing, and cultural reproduction can help to facilitate these changes.
Overall, cultural reproduction is a vital aspect of society that helps to preserve the culture of a society over time. It occurs through education, socialization, and the media, and plays a crucial role in shaping the beliefs and values of individuals.
Both the cultural resistance theory and the cultural mobility theory extend our understanding of inequality in educational opportunity. On the one hand, because working-class children study harder and have higher grades, they do not fall behind elite-class children in terms of entering graduate school. There are two potential reasons for this effect. In this study it was shown that the lads were not failed by an educational system geared solely to reproduce the privilege of the elite but by their own culture whose appeal proved stronger than the alien culture of education based social mobility. Additionally, family economic capital or cultural capital has no significant effect on the student activity participation of professional-class children. With this harsh divide between individuals who do and do not complete the process of formal education, social stratification and inequality between the two groups emerges.
Based on models 3-3 and 4-3, the researcher has included the interaction between cultural capital and family class background. A recent study finds that universities provide a fair and open study environment and experience for students from various classes. In comparison, cultural capital has a significant positive effect on both student leadership and English language ability. Previous studies often focus on whether the student becomes a student leader. The inequality in education is revealed by analyzing the relationship between cultural capital, political capital, and economic capital.
Among them, two theories have become influential—the cultural resistance theory and the cultural mobility theory. Moreover, cultural capital has a greater effect when combined with other resources, meaning that elite-class children benefit more from cultural capital, which is consistent with the cultural reproduction theory. The Inheritors: French students and their relations to culture. Second, most college students live in school dorms, whereas most middle and primary school students live with their parents at home. An example of social reproduction can be seen in birds such as pigeons and parrots, which sit together in a row on a wire and each facing the same direction.
The Cultural Reproduction And Social Reproduction Sociology Essay
Cultural Capital, Educational Attainment, and Marital Selection. The tendency within Marxist traditions of sociology has been to see reproduction phenotypically. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 37 3 , 408—426. Reproduction in Education, Culture and Society, Bourdieu demonstrated most of his known theories in his book The Inheritors 1964. This aspect, along with the female advantage in grades found in model 2-1, shows that gender inequality in Chinese universities has been largely reduced. Family cultural capital may help students become student leaders, but the positive effect of economic capital is insignificant. Reproduction in Education, Culture and Society, Bourdieu demonstrated most of his known theories in his book The Inheritors 1964.
From the Theories of Social and Cultural Reproduction to the Theory of Resistance on JSTOR
Implementation of diversion education under urban-rural integration: Bourdieu's cultural reproduction theory and its revelation for current rural education, 7 , 1674—2311. Previous research found that elite-class children are more likely to participate in various college student activities and are more likely to become the leaders or cadres of student organization. Because they are monitored by parents on a daily basis, it is unlikely that elite-class children in middle or primary school can spend as much time and energy on extracurricular activities. Further analyses show that elite-class children benefit most from the cultural capital. Phenomenon of Cultural Reproduction and the Core Problem in China.
Phenomenon of Cultural Reproduction and the Core Problem in China
After deleting observations with missing values from the sample, the final sample size used in the analysis is 4004. Third, after controlling for the aforementioned variables, the researcher finds that family class background does significantly affect school grades. Most of the contributors are academics working in the area of sociology of communication studies. Distinctly, the cultural mobility theory believes that education is a channel for social mobility because working-class children can acquire cultural capital from school and benefit more from it. Such a distinction could be the outcome of different opportunity structures in different schools or cohorts. These top three universities in Beijing were sampled separately in the survey.
Cultural Reproduction, Cultural Mobility, Cultural Resources, or Trivial Effect? A Comparative Approach to Cultural Capital and Educational Performance
Additionally, family economic capital or cultural capital has no significant effect on the student activity participation of professional-class children. Sociology of Education 85 3 : 219—239. Reflections on the problems related to left-behind children. First, cultural capital is the most effective when combined with such factors as economic capital and information decoding ability. Review of Sociology 9 1 : 5-26. Family class background could play an increasingly important role in this regard. Social Sciences in China, 1, 138—150.
Bourdieu's work has attracted considerable interest and, not withstanding criticism of his style and obscure theoretical formulations, has introduced some powerful concepts into social theory. This is due to the environmental, social, economic conditions as well as technologies and processes that keep changing over time; eventually there are new individuals who have different characteristic and so relate to others in new and different ways. Family class background consists of four categories: managerial class, including state-owned business managers, government officials, and private business owners; professional class; working-class and farmers, including farmers, industrial workers, and the unemployed; and common nonphysical laborers i. Its coefficient is negative and significant, showing that one can increase their English language ability by working hard. Bourdieu believes that education can complete social reproduction through cultural reproduction. As competition to enter graduate school intensifies, students may use various resources to gain a competitive edge for admission. The researcher categorizes schools into three groups.
We further ascertain variations in the effect of cultural capital across distinct welfare regimes. The likely outcome is that elite-class children understand neither the operation nor the function of cultural capital DiMaggio The cultural resistance theory and the cultural mobility theory are both in conversation with the cultural reproduction theory, but they have different emphases. However, a recent study Li To understand these observations, we examine factors that not only expand inequality in educational opportunity but also those that suppress it. Each wave of the survey asks respondents to report the frequency of unexcused absences from both general education courses and major courses. Its coefficient is negative and significant, showing that one can increase their English language ability by working hard. Reflections on the problems related to left-behind children.
Cultural Reproduction Theory and Schooling: The Relationship between Student Capital and Opportunity to Learn
Hypothesis 2 shows the effect of individual effort and cultural capital on grades. According to this view an inarticulate consensus must exist between competent social actors in order for interaction to work at all. We further ascertain variations in the effect of cultural capital across distinct welfare regimes. It suggests that cultural capital is more effective for children of the managerial class. China Journal, 73 1 , 108—131. These results support Hypothesis 2. In model 4-2, the researcher adds family economic capital and cultural capital.