Descriptive representation refers to the extent to which the characteristics and identities of a particular group are represented in a given institution or decision-making body. This can include demographic characteristics such as race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, religion, age, and ability, as well as other aspects of identity such as geographic region, occupation, or political ideology.
The goal of descriptive representation is to ensure that the perspectives and experiences of all members of a society are reflected in the institutions and decision-making bodies that shape the policies and decisions that affect their lives. This can help to ensure that the needs and concerns of all members of a society are considered and addressed, rather than just those of a select few.
There are several benefits to having descriptive representation. For one, it can increase the legitimacy and credibility of an institution or decision-making body, as it demonstrates that all members of society have a voice and a stake in the decisions that are made. It can also lead to better decision-making, as a more diverse group of individuals is likely to bring a wider range of perspectives and experiences to the table, resulting in more informed and well-rounded decisions.
Furthermore, descriptive representation can have a positive impact on the participation and engagement of underrepresented groups in the political process. When individuals see people like themselves represented in positions of power and influence, it can give them a sense of belonging and empower them to become more involved in their communities and the political system.
There are many ways in which descriptive representation can be achieved. One common approach is through the use of affirmative action or quotas, which are policies that aim to increase the representation of underrepresented groups in certain institutions or occupations. While these policies have been controversial in some contexts, they can be an effective way of promoting diversity and increasing representation.
Another way to promote descriptive representation is through the use of proportional representation electoral systems, which aim to ensure that political parties or candidates are elected in proportion to the number of votes they receive. This can help to ensure that a wider range of voices and perspectives are represented in the political process.
In conclusion, descriptive representation is an important concept that refers to the extent to which the characteristics and identities of a particular group are reflected in a given institution or decision-making body. Ensuring that all members of society are represented can lead to more informed and well-rounded decisions, increase the legitimacy and credibility of institutions, and empower underrepresented groups to become more involved in the political process. There are various ways in which descriptive representation can be achieved, including the use of affirmative action and quotas, as well as proportional representation electoral systems.
Descriptive Definition & Meaning
You are free to use this image on your website, templates, etc. The modeling procedure is to add to the model a variable, suggested by theory, each time the model predictions can be improved. As a criteria for assessing alternative representations for shape description in vision, Marr 1982 introduced the concept of accessibility, which is defined as the ability to derive a representation from an image at reasonable computing costs. It is important that, whatever the source, the facts being used for calibration should be as stable as possible. Generally, some economic questions have known answers, and the model should give an approximately correct answer to them if we are to have any confidence in the answer given to the question with unknown answer.
Descriptive Representation and Political Efficacy: Evidence from Obama and Clinton
The Black elite retain the illusion of power, but are invested with little authority in its own right. While it stands to reason that voters are more confident when candidates who are One area of the voting experience that has received little attention is descriptive representation. Construct a model economy: An abstraction can be judged only relative to some given question. I turned the key and the engine hummed, then choked, then died. If you believe you should have access to that content, please contact your librarian.
The Limits of Descriptive Representation ❧ Current Affairs
In excel, it is a function to tabulate or graphically represent the recurrence of a particular value in a group or at an interval. In consequence, people themselves cannot be seen as assets to be incorporated in an architectural description, only the enterprise's relationship to them. The journey towards gender equality. The Black majority has no real structural power, other than the productive capacity of its own hands. Such a view concentrates on a specific subset of details while leaving others out of the picture. The following methods are used for the depiction of data: 1. In the present day, conditions are ripe for similar types of organizing against those standing in the way of systemic change.
What Is Descriptive Representation And How Does It Apply To Marketing?
Personal account A personal account can be used to get email alerts, save searches, purchase content, and activate subscriptions. As a result of civil rights legislation, these populations have increased political power. There are primarily two ways: arithmetic mean, where all the numbers are added and divided by their weight, and in geometric mean, we multiply the numbers together, take the Nth root and subtract it with one. Stokes set out to accomplish his goals using the same tools of capitalism that had led to the contemporary problems. Public administrators face the dilemma of resolving this value conflict as they seek to manage their agencies, posing clear political choices.
Introduction: The Descriptive and Substantive Representation of Women: New Directions
Specific hours were introduced in order to allow members in caring roles to fulfil their duties and also to allow members to spend more time with their families. In the context of artificial intelligence, imagery can be considered as the ability to manipulate representations for the purpose of retrieving visual and spatial information that was implicitly, rather than explicitly, encoded in long-term memory. The need to respond to the political demands of groups underrepresented in public jobs may be seen as clashing at times with the exercise of strict merit standards. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. In the 20th century, white opposition to equal rights evolved but did not disappear. His parents, like mine, are immigrants of color, having migrated from El Salvador years ago. Another example might be when someone is describing their house—while they may not mention every detail, they give enough information so that people can get a sense of what the house is like.
Descriptive Representation in Election Administration
Here, students are divided based on the number of visits. Since the pandemic started, living conditions for many people—especially people of color—have deteriorated tremendously. The amount of effort and investment spent in designing, implementing, and optimizing a specific aspect of architecture therefore varies from case to case, and is dependent on the business model that applies. Thus, data are used to calibrate the model economy so that it mimics the world as closely as possible along a limited but clearly specified, number of dimensions. Some interactivity generally is required to select the initial seed points and the gray-scale threshold level that the software uses to outline each structure.
Society Members Society member access to a journal is achieved in one of the following ways: Sign in through society site Many societies offer single sign-on between the society website and Oxford Academic. As a result of defense policy, cities with significant industrial capacity hollow out, leaving poorer and blacker populations behind. Results are robust to a series of placebo and robustness checks addressing alternative explanations and threats to the identifying assumption, namely, that there is no unobservable factor that simultaneously affects political efficacy and perceptions of success. However, if we need to derive connectivity, angle, distance or shape information, then a more complex image representation, such as one corresponding to the illustration in Fig. As political scientist Keeanga-Yahmatta Taylor explains in her book From BlackLivesMatter to Black Liberation: Racism in the United States has never been just about abusing Black and Brown people just for the sake of doing so.
This is where descriptive statistics come into play—a small data sample is taken and summarized. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. Architecture as universal quality of the enterprise is an inherent part of every design that largely influences how it works and what people get out of it in individual experiences. Inferential statistics determines whether the conclusions hold true for the whole population or not. There are still days of anxiety, hours spent wanting to scream out a window, nights in which I stay up writing or just flipping through YouTube until I actually feel tired. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.
For enterprises, these are the product specifications relating the technology constraints of row 4 to the vendor products in which the technology constraints are materialized. The effects among African Americans are robust to controlling for over-time trends as well as individual-level covariates, and the findings hold when analysis is limited only to Democrats. In 1967 Carl Stokes became mayor of Cleveland, one of the first Black men to hold the top post of a major city. Note you can select to save to either the free. Institutional account management For librarians and administrators, your personal account also provides access to institutional account management. Four political parties within the National Assembly for Wales will be assessed including the Welsh Labour Party, Welsh Liberal Democrats, Plaid Cymru and the Welsh Conservatives drawing on evidence from 1999—2016.