# Differentiate between inductive and deductive reasoning. What is the Difference Between Inductive and Deductive Reasoning? 2022-11-16

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Inductive and deductive reasoning are two methods of logic that are used to reach a conclusion based on observations or premises. Both methods can be used to form a valid argument, but they differ in the way that they are structured and the degree to which the conclusion is certain.

Inductive reasoning starts with specific observations and proceeds to a general conclusion. This type of reasoning is based on the idea that if a pattern is observed repeatedly, it is likely to hold true in the future. For example, if a person notices that every time it rains, the streets become wet, they may conclude that whenever it rains, the streets will become wet. Inductive reasoning is often used in scientific research to form hypotheses, or predictions about what may happen in the future.

Deductive reasoning, on the other hand, starts with a general principle or statement and applies it to a specific situation to arrive at a conclusion. This type of reasoning is based on the idea that if a statement is true, then anything that follows from it must also be true. For example, if a person knows that all dogs are mammals and they see a creature that is furry and has a tail, they may conclude that it is a dog. Deductive reasoning is often used in legal and mathematical contexts, where the goal is to arrive at a certain and logical conclusion based on a set of given premises.

One key difference between inductive and deductive reasoning is the level of certainty. Inductive reasoning allows for the possibility that the conclusion may be wrong, even if all of the observations are true. This is because the conclusion is based on patterns that have been observed in the past, but there is no guarantee that the same pattern will hold true in the future. Deductive reasoning, on the other hand, is certain as long as the premises are true. If the premises are true and the argument is structured correctly, then the conclusion must also be true.

In conclusion, inductive and deductive reasoning are both methods of logic that are used to reach a conclusion based on observations or premises. Inductive reasoning starts with specific observations and proceeds to a general conclusion, while deductive reasoning starts with a general principle and applies it to a specific situation. The main difference between the two is the level of certainty: inductive reasoning allows for the possibility that the conclusion may be wrong, while deductive reasoning is certain as long as the premises are true.

## "Inductive" vs. "Deductive"

I deduced from this that people were more likely to buy our product towards the end of the day, so I worked with management to shift my team's working pattern forward an hour. You might also Like anon1000100 May 27, 2018 I like your examples with inductive reasoning but your explanation of deductive is too short. The higher the content validity, the more accurate the measurement of the construct. Deductive reasoning is a logical process in which a conclusion is drawn from one or more premises. An argument is a reason, a fact or statement used to support a proposition which is the conclusion. A 4th grade math test would have high content validity if it covered all the skills taught in that grade. Thus, the conclusion need not flow from the premise.

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## Inductive vs. Deductive reasoning

In inductive reasoning, the conclusion is used to make generalizations of facts and theories. Try to include specific stories that have measurable, positive results. Deductive reasoning uses the general principle and then generates the specific conclusion taken from those principles. The next step in this logic might involve attempting to find things which disprove the assertion that all cows are spotted, as might be done by asking other people if they have seen cows which are not spotted. Related: Decision-Making Skills: Definition and Examples Using reasoning in the workplace Whether you realise it or not, you probably use either deductive or inductive reasoning, or more likely a combination of both, as part of your job. Both involve noting relationships between different facts or events, but the way you arrive at a conclusion using each of these methods is different, so you use them in different contexts.

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## Difference between Deductive Reasoning and Inductive Reasoning

If the Deductive Reasoning process is successful, then the conclusion can be said to be logically valid. As such, displaying your reasoning and during the hiring process could increase your chances for getting the job. Cover Letter In a cover letter, you can describe how you've used reasoning skills in more detail. Because there are no restrictions on their choices, respondents can answer in ways that researchers may not have otherwise considered. Inductive reasoning is completely opposite to deductive reasoning. This buttresses the description that reasoning is a linkage or network of propositions related by logic and reasons. The goal of deductive reasoning is to arrive at a valid chain of reasoning, in which each statement holds up to testing, but it is possible for deductive reasoning to be both valid and unsound.

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## Difference Between Inductive and Deductive Reasoning (with Comparison Chart)

The conclusion can be probable or any hypothesis. Deductive reasoning also called deduction involves forming specific conclusions from general premises, as in: everyone in this class is an English major; Jesse is in this class; therefore, Jesse is an English major. Thus, are the opposites of each other. Inductive reasoning is a logical process where multiple premises all believed true or found true most of the time are combined to obtain a specific conclusion. Two examples of argument or reasoning are known to the field of logic, they are; deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning. Definition of Deductive Reasoning Deductive Reasoning means a form of logic in which specific inferences are drawn from multiple premises general statements. Reasoning or argument is the third and the last stage of logical process following simple apprehension and judgment.

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## Inductive and deductive reasoning: examples and differences

Inductive reasoning relies on patterns and trends, while deductive reasoning relies on facts and rules. The main difference between inductive and deductive reasoning is that while inductive reasoning begins with an observation, supports it with patterns and then arrives at a hypothesis or theory, deductive reasoning begins with a theory, supports it with observation and eventually arrives at a confirmation. It is from this specific person in the first premise that the second premise is suggested, and then a generalized conclusion follows. Deductive reasoning might be more helpful when defining and establishing relationships between two or more entities. Closed-ended, or restricted-choice, questions offer respondents a fixed set of choices to select from. Deductive reasoning is when you start with a general statement the premises and then use them to come to a specific conclusion. Reasoning logic can take two forms â€” inductive reasoning or deductive reasoning.

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## Difference between Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

Then, take what you noticed while studying the situation to make a specific observation. Mary McMahon Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a LanguageHumanities researcher and writer. In contrast, deductive reasoning takes general statements as a base to arrive at an particular conclusion. You can use this design if you think your qualitative data will explain and contextualize your quantitative findings. If you don't have professional experience, try to think of times when you used reasoning in school, a club, or volunteering.

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## Inductive vs Deductive

If the hiring manager asks you to tell them about your previous role, you can explain it and incorporate your reasoning skills. Inductive reasoning relies on patterns and trends, while deductive reasoning relies on facts and rules. Ultimately, both deductive and inductive reasoning are important tools for scientific inquiry, and the best scientists use both approaches in their work. The bottom-up reasoning and cause and effect reasoning also refer to inductive reasoning. Develop a hypothesis Next, you can develop a. The United Nations, the European Union, and many individual nations use peer review to evaluate grant applications. As opposed, in deductive reasoning, the generalisation made are necessarily true, if the premises are correct.

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## Differences Between Inductive Reasoning and Deductive Reasoning

For example, if you were applying for a sales role, you might say: 'In my last role, I was the leader of five salespeople, and it was my job to find strategies to increase our team's sales overall. Think of it as 'cause-and-effect reasoning or 'bottom-up' reasoning, since it begins with the specific, and makes a conclusion about the general. For example, you could say that email is the best way to communicate with clients and explain why. On the other hand, the premise of an inductive reasoning may be true but it does not provide sufficient ground or reason for the conclusion to be correct. This kind of reasoning is sometimes known as a syllogism. In our basic example, there are a number of reasons why it may not be true that the person always comes at the same time and orders the same thing.

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