Donner party definition. Urban Dictionary: donner 2022-11-15
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The Donner Party was a group of American pioneers who set out for California in a wagon train in the spring of 1846. The group, which consisted of 87 people, was led by George and Jacob Donner and James F. Reed. The Donner Party has become infamous due to the events that occurred during their journey, which ultimately led to the death of more than half of the group.
The Donner Party left Springfield, Illinois in April of 1846, with the intention of reaching California via a new and untested route known as the Hastings Cutoff. The route was shorter and more direct than the usual path taken by pioneers at the time, but it was also much more treacherous and required the pioneers to travel through the Great Salt Lake Desert and the Sierra Nevada mountain range.
As the Donner Party made their way west, they encountered numerous delays and setbacks. They were slowed down by heavy rain, damaged wagons, and the need to hunt for food. By the time they reached the Sierra Nevada mountains in October, they were running out of supplies and were forced to stop and build cabins in an area known as Truckee Lake (now Donner Lake) in order to wait out the winter.
During the winter of 1846-47, the Donner Party faced extreme hardships. They were stranded in the mountains with little food and few supplies, and the harsh winter conditions made it nearly impossible to leave the cabins. Many of the pioneers resorted to cannibalism in order to survive. Of the 87 people in the Donner Party, only 45 survived the winter.
The Donner Party has become infamous due to the gruesome events that occurred during their journey, and their story has been told and retold countless times in history books, movies, and television shows. The Donner Party tragedy serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of attempting to settle in the American West and the importance of being prepared for the challenges that one may face while traveling in unfamiliar territory.
Donner Party Story, History, & Facts
The Forlorn Hope picture is by the author; the Foster portrait from the Sutter's Fort Archive. Second Week in January 1847 By the second week of January, the snowshoers were out of food of any kind, so William Eddy and Mary Graves took a flintlock rifle and set out ahead of the others to hunt down a deer. A late start and poor decision-making along the trail led the Donner party to become stranded in the Sierra Nevada Mountains under piles of snow. With high mountains still to cross, the party of settlers was in disarray and deeply distrustful of each other. Some reports claim that William Foster of the Donner Party shot the Native Americans and they were eaten. Gale Virtual Reference Library. After five months in the mountains, only 47 of the pioneers survived.
An editor of a local newspaper in Truckee, California, Charles McGlashan, became something of an expert on the story of the Donner Party. By the time the rescue parties arrived, the immigrants had been decimated by starvation and cold. This error led to an additional 125 miles of land to cross, which decimated their supplies and hastened their starvation. The Donner Party reached the Sierra Nevada mountains in November, but an early winter snowstorm halted further travel. That was the only instance in the story of the Donner Party where people were killed to be eaten. . Supplies dwindled and they began to starve.
The Donner Party really should have taken the Army's advice
Trying to make up time, they took the Hastings Cutoff as a shortcut through the mountains. The survivors were emaciated. When was the Donner Party's Journey? The rescue process took over two months. By the time the rescuers reached the survivors, however, many were too weak and malnourished to survive the journey. They ran off out of fear and were later found exhausted and near death. Lake Tahoe Webcams - Lake Tahoe Video - Tahoe TV - TahoeCam. She writes middle grade and young adult fiction, and has experience with professional blog content from GILI Sports.
The various mutilated bodies were gathered together and buried in one of the cabins, which was then burned to the ground. Pat Mccaw Pat McCaw MD is a family physician and author. A member of a rescue party described finding a body with the head sawed open so the brains could be extracted. They crafted their own snowshoes and hiked through the snow. The rescue and removal of the stranded pioneers took two months to complete with more deaths occurring during this time.
The Hastings Cutoff When examining what happened to the Donner Party, the biggest factor that led to their peril was the decision to take a shortcut. They had consumed two children of Jacob Donner. They left almost a month after all other wagon trains, and this put them in the Sierra Nevada mountains in the heart of winter. When they reached the vicinity of Truckee Lake now called Donner Lake , they discovered the mountain passes they needed to cross were already blocked by snowdrifts. William Eddy was against the plan and he told the Indians to flee while they could.
Thirty-six members of the party perished as a result of starvation, exposure, disease, and trauma, and some of the survivors resorted to cannibalism. Legacy After examining remains from the Alder Creek campsite, researchers in 2010 announced that they had been unable to find any human bones or other physical evidence of cannibalism. The Donner Party left later in the spring than most other pioneers, which put them at risk of becoming trapped in the Sierra Nevada mountains during the winter. Faced with starvation, the rest of the Donner Party succumbed to the taboo behavior of cannibalism. Eventually, there comes a time where the curious kids get burnt. Meanwhile, the Mexican—American War delayed rescue attempts from California, although family members and authorities in California tried to reach the stranded pioneers but were turned back by harsh weather.
During the Winter A key factor that led to the demise of the Donner party included leaving Springfield, Illinois almost a month after all other wagon trains had started their journey westward. The story of the Donner Party has lived on, through a number of books and films based on the tragedy. The book is now available at local, North Shore bookstores or at Tahoetopia. Mountain passes that were navigable just a day earlier soon transformed into icy roadblocks, forcing the Donner Party to retreat to nearby Truckee Lake and wait out the winter in ramshackle tents and cabins. The conditions were like nothing any of the travelers had seen before, with blistering heat by day and frigid winds at night. When Mexico saw the influx of new settlers coming into and setting up shop in disputed territory, their army attacked American troops in March, 1846, along the Rio Grande River, beginning the Mexican-American War.
That night, back on the trail, Jay Fosdick died of exhaustion. The members of the Donner party who survived only did so by eating the remains of the deceased. Jay Fosdick, weak and snow blind, had fallen behind the others, but he managed to catch up each night. Three rescue parties were organized by James Reed, who had been banished from the party for killing one of its members and who had subsequently walked over the mountains alone. We have got through with our lives. Five of the emigrants died before reaching the mountain camps, 34 at the camps or on the mountains while attempting to cross, and one just after reaching the settlements.
As their supplies dwindled, the Donner emigrants stranded at Truckee Lake resorted to eating increasingly grotesque meals. People would typically meet in Independence and decide to stick together for the The group made good progress along the trail westward, and in about a week had met up with another wagon train, which they joined. History often paints the pioneers as unfortunate travelers, but it also often glosses over the fact that they were issued repeated warnings by the United States Army, who told them to stay away. A blizzard blanketed the land with many feet of snow forcing the party to set up camp. As they broke a new trail through the nearly impassible terrain of the Tensions were running high among the exhausted migrants, and on October 5 an altercation between Reed and a teamster employed by another family ended with Reed fatally stabbing the man.