"Charles" is a short story written by Shirley Jackson, first published in 1948. The story is narrated by a young boy's mother, who describes her son's habit of tormenting their neighbor's pet, a small bird named Charles.
At the beginning of the story, the mother describes Charles as a "miserable little beast" and tells the reader that her son "hated Charles with a desperate sincerity." Despite the mother's efforts to stop her son from torturing the bird, he continues to do so, often coming home with feathers and bits of Charles stuck to his clothing.
As the story progresses, the mother becomes increasingly worried about the welfare of Charles and the effect it is having on her son. She tries to intervene and protect the bird, but her son becomes more and more aggressive, even threatening to kill her if she tries to stop him.
Despite her fears, the mother eventually confronts her son and tells him that he must stop tormenting Charles. She tells him that it is not right to hurt another living being, and that he must learn to show kindness and compassion.
In the end, the mother's words seem to have an effect on her son, as he finally stops tormenting Charles and instead begins to care for the bird. The story ends with the mother reflecting on the changes she has seen in her son, and how she hopes that he will continue to grow and learn from his experiences.
Overall, "Charles" is a poignant and thought-provoking story about the dangers of cruelty and the importance of compassion. Through the eyes of a young boy's mother, Jackson explores the complex relationship between a child and his pet, and the ways in which that relationship can be both destructive and transformative.
The Gold Rush
There followed another spontaneous gathering on Bakery Hill. . Geoffrey Blainey, who was in Ballarat at the time, recalls attending one function and finding that no one, apart from a small group of communists, was there. It is hoped now rebellion will be checked. State Library of Victoria.
Retrieved 14 June 2022. The changes included the abolition of gold licences to be replaced with an export duty. With many resentful diggers now on the gold fields, a series of events, beginning with the beating and subsequent death of a Scottish miner by publican and ex-convict James Bentley, who was acquitted for the murder by a corrupt magistrate, led to the Eureka Stockade. Newport: Big Sky Publishing. Retrieved 29 November 2011. I think some of the men in the stockade should-they had a flag flying in the stockade; it was a white cross of five stars on a blue ground. There was a whole lot of theft, drunken brawling and murder so miners often carried around weapons in self-defence.
It means- 'I have found it! In addition, key figures such as Lalor and Humffray were still in the public eye. Ballarat: Ballarat Heritage Services. In a signed contemporaneous affidavit dated 7 December 1854, Private Hugh King, who was at the battle serving with the 40th regiment, recalled that: ". The powerful position of the Gold Commissioner was replaced by a system of wardens. Their coolness and bravery were admirable when it is considered that the odds were 3 to 1 against.
The Argus before returning to practice and was elected to the Legislative Assembly in the wake of the Eureka trials. Australian National Commission for UNESCO. On 11 November 1854, a crowd of more than 10,000 gathered at Ballarat Times that at the appointed hour, the "Union Jack and the American ensign were hoisted as signals for the people to assemble. The Age reported in 1891 that "it afforded a very good opportunity for people to see what it might have been like at Eureka. Messengers were dispatched to other mining settlements, including Bendigo and Creswick, requesting reinforcements for the Bakery Hill rebellion.
The appalling situations the miners faced were not sorted out so conflict between miners and the government kept increasing. However, a new chairman was elected, and motions condemning the government and calling for the resignation of Foster were passed. Retrieved 22 July 2020. However, due to pre-trial legal chicanery and the unavailability of witnesses, it was Joseph who was the first accused man to go on trial. London Working Men's Association. In 1855, eight miners became representatives for the Victorian government, and Peter Lalor was among them.
It had been named after a deep seam of land called the Eureka lead. The licence was compulsory whether gold was found or not so diggers felt that it was an unjust tax on their labour. There were only about two hundred miners left, as many had snuck away. On 8 December, some 500 men of the Miner's Association, who were "armed with sticks, waddies and pickhandles and led by the Clunes Brass Band, marched around the streets. There were many worries about claim-jumpers, which resulted in miners working 6 days a week Sunday being their rest day. Haines MLC was to be the chairman, serving alongside lawmakers John Fawkner, John O'Shanassy, William Westgarth, as well as chief gold commissioner William Wright. Of the approximately 120 individuals detained after the battle, 13 were put on trial for high treason beginning on 22 February 1855, where matters of fact were determined by a lay jury chosen from among members of the general public who were largely sympathetic to the rebel cause.
In August 1872, the area surrounding the soldiers' graves was enclosed with a fence. He took up boldly his stand to the left of the gully and in front: the red-coats 'fell in' in their ranks to the right of this lad. Many miners were robbed of their possessions by savage bushrangers while making their way to the goldfields by walking, horse and cart and strange velocipedes. Retrieved 24 August 2022. In alarm, George Thompson called three cheers for the good old Union Jack and asked them to remember that they were pledged to what he called 'necessary reform, not revolution'.
Australian Dictionary of Biography. In a despatch dated 18 November 1854, Hotham stated that: "I lost no time in making such dispositions as I concluded would enable the authorities to maintain the integrity of the law; and within four days, 450 military and police were on the ground, commanded by an officer in whom I had confidence, and who was instructed to enforce order and quiet, support the civil authority in the arrest of the ringleaders and to use force, whenever legally called upon to do so, without regard to the consequences which might ensue. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. Retrieved 17 January 2007. Poor women crying for absent husbands, and children frightened into quietness.
In 1954 a committee of Ballarat locals was formed to coordinate events to mark the centenary of the Eureka Stockade. There was not one distinct issue that lead to the Eureka stockade on the Ballarat goldfields. Loftus, ACT: Australian Army History Unit. Eureka: The Story of Peter Lalor. Miners from across the world rushed to Australia in hope to find some gold. The 13 defendants were acquitted jointly and individually in seven separate trials held over two months in relation to four counts.