Factors affecting social mobility in nigeria. All Na Packaging: Social Mobility in Nigeria 2022-11-15
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Social mobility refers to the movement of individuals or groups from one social status to another, either within a single generation or over the course of several generations. In Nigeria, a number of factors can affect social mobility, including education, employment opportunities, and access to resources such as land and capital.
One of the most significant factors affecting social mobility in Nigeria is education. Education can provide individuals with the knowledge and skills they need to compete for higher paying jobs and to achieve social mobility. However, the quality of education in Nigeria varies widely, with some schools lacking the resources and infrastructure to provide a proper education. Additionally, access to education can be difficult for many people, particularly those living in rural areas or those who are from low-income families. As a result, some people may not have the same opportunities to improve their social status through education as others.
Employment opportunities also play a significant role in social mobility in Nigeria. The availability of good jobs can provide individuals with the means to improve their social standing and achieve upward mobility. However, the job market in Nigeria can be competitive, and some people may not have the same access to job opportunities as others. For example, those who are well-educated or who have connections may have an advantage over those who do not.
Access to resources such as land and capital can also affect social mobility in Nigeria. Land, in particular, can be a key factor, as it can provide people with a source of income and a way to improve their social status. However, access to land can be limited, particularly for those who are not wealthy or who do not have connections. Additionally, access to capital, such as loans or investments, can be difficult for many people, particularly those who are not well-connected or who do not have the resources to secure such financing.
In conclusion, there are several factors that can affect social mobility in Nigeria, including education, employment opportunities, and access to resources such as land and capital. By addressing these issues, it may be possible to improve social mobility in Nigeria and create a more equitable society.
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Consequently, people move to those professions in great numbers. By 2006, Abuja's population had more than doubled to 778,567, making it the fastest case of urbanization in West Africa. Sociologists were fascinated to first learn of social mobility because of the regularity with which people ended up in roughly the same social position as their parents with each passing generation. In some respects, internal migrants are treated like foreigners in their own country. Mass Expulsion in Modern International Law and Practice. The Journal of Modern African Studies 27 2 : 251-273. Some of these factors include existing social class, field of study, undergraduate vs.
Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement: A Meta-Analytic Review of Research. This accounts for every one in two people. Castes System Castes are hereditary ranks that are usually religiously dictated and tend to be fixed and immobile Schaefer, 2005. Take Chike a driver, from a low-income family,and an engineering graduate who expected his level to change significantly after school. In addition to the poor economy, Nigerian-based professionals left because of the austerity measures of the Structural Adjustment Program, which the government agreed to as a condition of a loan from the International Monetary Fund in the mid-1980s.
Nigeria Migration and Urbanization Survey 1993, Ibadan: Nigeria Institute of Social and Economic Research. Yet, social mobility is not just a macro issue; it can be a very micro one too. It indicates a change in position within the range of the same status or movement from one status to an equal one. Given these functions, family is regarded as a cornerstone of society. According to Schaefer, 2005 , the social categorisation of people is often determined by how society is stratified—the basis of which can include—wealth and income.
What are the factors that affecting social mobility?
As urban and rural areas of the country become increasingly linked, Nigeria needs to address the increased urbanization of poverty in internal destinations and more importantly the ethno-religious, political, and oil-related conflicts that push many to leave home. From the 1950s through the 1970s, the emerging elites moved mainly to the United Kingdom due to the legacy of colonial ties, for educational pursuit, and in a few cases for administrative matters. In September 2000, President Olusegun Obasanjo convened a meeting in Atlanta of Nigerians in the Americas, and later a meeting in London for those in Europe, to engage them in creating a mechanism through which they could effectively be mobilized and involved in Nigeria's development process. This paper therefore is beneficial to the reading populace as it highlights the importance and impact of education to social mobility. Do you believe the structural-functionalist or the social conflict approach best explains Structural-functionalist is based on the theory that society is a stable system, where most of the people have the same set of values, beliefs and behavior expectations Kendall, 2017, p. Class System The class system is a social ranking system based primarily on economic position in which achieved characteristics can influence social mobility.
Social Mobility: Why Rising Through Social Levels is Getting Harder for Nigerians
The influence of socio-economic status of parents and home environment on the study habits and academic achievement of students. Houston's Nigerian leaders respond to terror Incident. It justifies the inequality in the distribution of the means of production, status symbols, power, position and discourages any attempt to change them. In addition, the same variables that contribute as intervening variables to the valuation of income or wealth and that also affect social status, social class, and social inequality do affect social mobility. The severity of ethnic conflict has waxed and waned with political developments. Professor Adejumoke Afoloyan and colleagues have found that the experience influenced Nigerians' migration decisions, such as movement to other destinations in particular Côte d'Ivoire , shorter stays, and circulatory movements.
In addition, the family to which a child is born into determines the strata of society to which the child belongs. How does social mobility affect society? Nigerian journalist Yemi-Ladejobi has reported about many young women believe the fantastic offers of employment are genuine. In addition, Okioga 2013 investigated the impact of socio-economic background on academic performance amongst university students in Malaysia. This is, in part, because their parents have better educational backgrounds and speak better English at home for their children to learn from. Both these concepts are influenced by four major factors, which are; The Value of a College Degree For many families, the idea that higher education for themselves or their children will automatically improve their social or economic status is a common one. These prestigious educational institutions are usually attended by children and wards of the wealthy because they are costly and it is presumed that these institutions provide the best routes to success in academics and life.
What is social mobility discuss its characteristics? Can all affect social mobility. The significant number of Nigerians going to Europe through African countries like Libya in recent years as undocumented migrants or asylum seekers underscores new challenges for the Nigerian government. Poverty drives much of this movement: more than 70 percent of Nigerians live below the national poverty line. Despite how positive one is, a negative person, or a dismissive environment can unintentionally rub off to negative thoughts before positive ones. A man or woman from a very poor background who weds a wealthy person may move up the social ladder verse-versa.
Social Mobility and Education in Nigeria: A Critical Appraisal
Italy is the primary destination though women are trafficked to northern, southern, central, and western European countries as well. In 2005, Obasanjo declared July 25th Nigerian Diaspora Day to recognize and celebrate both the individual and collective success of Nigerians abroad as well as their contributions to nation building. Recent actions of the Sudanese government suggest concerns about the legal status of these settlers. For physicians and nurses, the rates were about 13. Going into 2019 we need clear indications on what candidates are going to do to address social immobility. Despite daunting challenges, Nigeria's new democratic leaders have recently promoted a plan to launch Nigeria into the ranks of the world's top 20 economies by 2020. Beyond politics, internal migrants maintain ties with their communities of origin as an important part of an elaborate kinship system and as a survival strategy for themselves and their investments in times of crises.
United Nations High Commission for Refugees 2010. It is also universally recognised as the primary agency of socialisation Ezewu, 1983. It also examines the size and characteristics of the Nigerian diaspora, the remittances they send, and the government's policies toward its citizens abroad. In response, the Nigerian government has launched several initiatives, one of which is cooperation with the Moroccan authorities. Of this group, 62 percent are in other African countries, with smaller shares in Europe and North America, a small presence in Asia, and a minimal presence in Oceania, Latin America, and the Caribbean.
Introduction An academic write up is best when it is opinionated and much effort has been put into it to satisfying that standard. United Nations High Commission for Refugees 2008. Their destinations included the Gold Coast, Dahomey, and Togo, out of which 28,000 people were mostly from Northern Sokoto. About 76 percent of Nigerians were employed, 7 percent were unemployed, and 17 percent were inactive in 2005-2006. Consequently, a well-developed culture of professional migration emerged. Individuals can experience upward or downward social mobility for a variety of reasons. Internal displacement in Nigeria has causes beyond ethnic and religious conflict, and these causes vary significantly by geopolitical zones.