Gardner education. How did Howard Gardner influence education? 2022-11-17
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Gardner education, also known as multiple intelligences theory, is a psychological and educational framework proposed by psychologist Howard Gardner in the 1980s. It suggests that there are at least eight different ways that individuals can demonstrate intelligence, rather than just the traditional notion of intelligence being based on one's ability to perform well on cognitive tasks, such as tests of verbal or mathematical ability. These eight different intelligences are linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, spatial, naturalist, interpersonal, and intrapersonal.
The theory of multiple intelligences has had a significant impact on the field of education, as it challenges the traditional view that intelligence is solely based on one's ability to perform well on tests and encourages educators to consider a broader range of skills and abilities when evaluating students. Gardner's theory also suggests that students should be taught using a variety of methods that take into account their unique strengths and intelligences, rather than a one-size-fits-all approach.
One of the main criticisms of Gardner's theory is that it lacks scientific support and that the concept of multiple intelligences has not been fully validated through research. However, Gardner and his supporters argue that the theory is not meant to be a definitive explanation of intelligence, but rather a framework for understanding and appreciating the diversity of human abilities.
Despite the controversy surrounding the theory of multiple intelligences, it has had a significant impact on the field of education and has encouraged educators to think more broadly about intelligence and to consider a wider range of skills and abilities when evaluating and teaching students. It has also helped to promote the idea that individuals have unique strengths and that education should be tailored to meet the needs of each individual student.
Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Indeed, Gardner himself has listed some of the main issues and his responses 1993: xxiii-xxvii; 1999: 79-114. For example, Mindy Kornhaber and her colleagues at the Project SUMIT Schools Using Multiple Intelligences Theory have examined the performance of a number of schools and concluded that there have been significant gains in respect of SATs scores, parental participation, and discipline with the schools themselves attributing this to MI theory. To cite this article: Smith, Mark K. In essence Howard Gardner argued that he was making two essential claims about multiple intelligences. However, empirical evidence is sparse — and although a ninth intelligence might be attractive, Howard Gardner is not disposed to add it to the list. Courses involving music and other arts are becoming more and more popular as people realize that they matter, too.
Classroom Layout The best way to layout a classroom to support multiple intelligences is to have places in the room that work for each type of intelligence. His parents had fled from Nürnberg in Germany in 1938 with their three-year old son, Eric. London: Institute of Education, University of London. Naturalist intelligence is about understanding the natural world. A number of schools in North America have looked to structure curricula according to the intelligences, and to design classrooms and even whole schools to reflect the understandings that Howard Gardner develops. What is more: Seven kinds of intelligence would allow seven ways to teach, rather than one.
Gardner would say that he is high in bodily-kinesthetic intelligence. The second edition was published in Britain by Fontana Press. Howard Gardner, an educational psychologist, doesn't believe that kids like Trent aren't smart. Traditionally, schools have focused only on linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligences, but Gardner's work has made it possible for classes like music and athletics to be valued, as well. His listing was provisional.
Howard Gardner, multiple intelligences and education
Using MI as a tool to promote high quality student work rather than using the theory as an end in and of itself. What did Howard Gardner do to change education? Practical intelligence for school. Multiple intelligences go to school: Educational implications of the theory of multiple intelligences. This intelligence is most often associated with scientific and mathematical thinking. The prefix 'inter' means 'between' and the prefix 'intra' means 'within,' so interpersonal intelligence is about understanding others, while intrapersonal intelligence is about understanding yourself. Instead he went to a nearby preparatory school in Kingston, Pennsylvania Wyoming Seminary.
Educators, salespeople, religious and political leaders and counsellors all need a well-developed interpersonal intelligence. They include: Linguistic aptitude, which involves language. Who did Howard Gardner influence? Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. The theory of multiple intelligences: In the heyday of the psychometric and behaviorist eras, it was generally believed that intelligence was a single entity that was inherited; and that human beings — initially a blank slate — could be trained to learn anything, provided that it was presented in an appropriate way. It is hard to teach one intelligence; what if there are seven? From Piaget to the present, London: Routledge. Developing local and flexible programmes. Remember that Trent is very good at sports.
New York: Cambridge University Press. Overall, students need to develop intelligence in many different areas to be well-rounded and to be the most successful they can be. What students gain from the multiple intelligences theory. Trent gets a lot of bad grades in school, and many of his teachers have said that he's not very smart. That helped set me on the course of investigating human nature, particularly how human beings think. From there he went to Harvard University to study history in readiness for a career in the law. Instead, he has identified multiple areas in which people can be intelligent.
His first major book, The Shattered Mind appeared in 1975 and some fifteen have followed. For example, it can be argued that musical intelligence and bodily-kinesthetic intelligence are better approached as talents they do not normally need to adapt to life demands. Support from psychometric findings. A major addition to the literature of cognitive psychology being the first full length explication of multiple intelligences. The theory can also be found in use within pre-school, higher, vocational and adult education initiatives.
Gardner's Theory Trent is good with sports and people, but he's not so good at math and reading. Instead, he has identified multiple areas in which people can be intelligent. These individuals tend to think conceptually about numbers, relationships, and patterns. We are extremely pleased to say that we have a tentative agreement. Teachers, therefore, need to attend to all intelligences, not just the first two that have been their tradition concern. What can Trent's teachers do to help him and other students? Not only that but activities like sports can increase a child's interpersonal and bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, so Gardner's theory validates them, as well. Howard Gardner completed his PhD in 1971 his dissertation was on style sensitivity in children.
Project Zero developed as a major research centre for education — and provided an intellectual home for a significant grouping of researchers. Howard Gardner, multiple intelligences and education. Contents: I want my children to understand the world, but not just because the world is fascinating and the human mind is curious. They can present material in ways that makes sense to students of differing aptitudes and encourage students to work in groups to develop interpersonal and intrapersonal skills. Thus, an explicit concern with spiritual or religious matters would be one variety — often the most important variety — of an existential intelligence.
Here we explore the theory of multiple intelligences; why it has found a ready audience amongst educationalists; and some of the issues around its conceptualization and realization. Spatial intelligence is about understanding how things fit together and move in three dimensions. References Brualdi, A, C. However, you may find that learning more about multiple intelligences can give you a better understanding of your strengths and preferences. Here, I want to focus on three key questions that have been raised in debates.