An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, or other written work. It is typically included at the beginning of a document and is designed to give readers a quick overview of the main points and findings of the work. A good abstract is concise, clear, and informative, and it effectively communicates the key elements of the work to the reader.
There are several key characteristics of a good abstract. First and foremost, it should be concise and to the point. Abstracts are typically only a few hundred words long, so it is important to be selective about the information that is included. The abstract should provide a clear and concise overview of the work, highlighting the main points and findings without going into too much detail.
A good abstract should also be informative, meaning it should provide enough information for readers to understand the purpose, methods, and results of the work. This includes a clear statement of the research question or hypothesis, a summary of the methods used to collect and analyze data, and a summary of the key findings or conclusions.
Another important characteristic of a good abstract is clarity. The abstract should be written in plain language and should be easy to understand, even for readers who are not experts in the field. This means avoiding technical jargon and using clear, concise language to convey the main points of the work.
Finally, a good abstract should be well-organized and logical. It should have a clear structure, with each section building on the previous one to provide a coherent overview of the work. This helps readers understand the flow of the work and makes it easier to follow the main points and arguments.
In conclusion, a good abstract is an essential component of any research article, thesis, or other written work. It provides readers with a clear and concise overview of the work, highlighting the main points and findings in a way that is informative, clear, and well-organized. By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your abstract effectively communicates the key elements of your work to your readers.
Sample Abstracts for Writing
The grammar should also be impeccable so that the readers can understand the concepts presented. With this study, we expect to find out what social, political, and economic environment in the region is favorable for a successful implementation of the recycling programs. How the dissertation does it The time period studied in this dissertation includes the expansion of voting rights and gains in black political power, the desegregation of public schools and the emergence of white-flight academies, and the rise and fall of federal anti-poverty programs. This is not a situation that you would want to put yourself in. The applicants are then assessed on their ability to format the papers as requires. When you read other abstracts, you will understand more about what is expected, and what you should include or leave out from the abstract.
Guide and Examples for Writing a Sociology Abstract
You can even use abstracts to determine if a research study will be a helpful source. You can also hire our experts to help you with the examples of an abstract you want. Describe your results Share the general findings and answers you reached as a result of your study. Depending on the type of paper, the abstract may also include a discussion of the participants, study design, and other research methodology elements. The purpose of an abstract is to provide prospective readers the opportunity to judge the relevance of the longer work to their projects.
Abstracts should not exceed 250 words, but this number could vary depending on the prescribed number of words, say when you would like to submit your research paper to a popular scientific journal. Another purpose of an abstract is to help you promote future research in your field. The choreographers often integrate social advocacy into the classroom practice and performances. How does your work contribute to the discourse? Using a mixed-methods approach, this study assesses the importance of emotional intelligence on academic performance at the high school level. Informative Abstract Example 7 Background The implementation of a nationwide mandatory vaccination program against influenza in the country of Maconda was designed to lower rates of preventable illnesses. However, writing one is never easy.
It is always subject to error. Conclusions: Our results are consistent with our hypothesis that decreased C by S1P is due to a significant decrease in EFA in bovine eyes. The abstract should include 1-2 sentences on each major section of the paper. Finally, consider the audience for your abstract. What methodological weaknesses need to be mentioned? Narrowing of purpose of study This study investigates the effects of increased atmospheric fluoride emissions from an aluminium smelter, on the reproductive processes of three native species, Banksia aemula, Bossiaea heterophylla and Actinotus helianthi. Preparing to Write Before you write an abstract there are a few important steps you should complete. Summarize the Check out our guide on Which keywords to use At the end of the abstract, you may include a few keywords that will be used for indexing if your paper is published on a database.
How To Write an Abstract in 7 Steps (With an Example)
An abstract is a self-contained, short, and powerful statement that describes a larger work. Methods The modelling involved an analysis of the effect of changing the lengths of the walls and gate, varying the permeability, and varying the number of gates. You can use descriptive abstracts to provide the reader with a summary of non-empirical research such as literary criticism. If relevant, you can briefly make suggestions for further research. The length varies according to discipline, but an informative abstract is rarely more than 10% of the length of the entire work. A simple, three to five pages long essay, for instance, can do perfectly well without any abstract. Elaboration of narrowing statement One of the most subtle impacts of fluoride on plant development is on their reproductive processes… There has been very little work directed towards forest trees, and especially native Australian species.
Although more research is needed to identify the underlying mechanisms, findings suggest a need to sensitize students and educators about the potential academic risks associated with high-frequency cell phone use. Focusing on Mumbai and Bangalore, the expansion into these markets reveals potential challenges for European firms. However, APA-formatted articles for submission do require abstracts, and many instructors also require abstracts for APA papers. The Mississippi movement attempted to forge independent structures for sustaining challenges to local inequities and injustices. What materials are used Data have been collected from archives, interviews, newspapers, and published reports. In diverse urban landscapes and through digital media, social learning may be qualitatively different from the social learning that takes place within families and tightly knit social circles. If your abstract misuses—or worse, does not use—keywords, the database will not be able to look your paper up no matter how great or ground-breaking your research.
APA Abstract 2020 Formatting, Length, and Keywords. Abstracts also include the key terms found in the longer work and the purpose and methods of the research. Explanation This abstract contains all the necessary information you would need to make an assessment of whether the research was pertinent to your study. What new discoveries have you made? However, average levels of negative mood were not associated with support. Abstracts What this handout is about This handout provides definitions and examples of the two main types of abstracts: descriptive and informative. Important information should fit into one paragraph.
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
Generally, the abstracts can be descriptive, informative, or critical, although the latter one is used not very often. This study assessed the relationship between cell phone use and actual college grade point average GPA after controlling for known predictors. Each sentence should clearly communicate one main point. There are some circumstances where you might need to mention other sources in an abstract: for example, if your research responds directly to another study or focuses on the work of a single theorist. There are a few useful techniques that you can implement while drafting abstracts. The abstract is not indented.
An abstract is also useful for indexing in online databases. A thesis, on the other hand, requires one. Extended aim Subsequent to this, genetic linkage between ESBL genes and gentamicin resistance was investigated. The key predictor was exposure to metformin. If you struggle with abstracting a paper, check out a few good abstract examples that may serve you as an inspiration.
Such elements are valuable and empowering because they enhance the performing experience and awareness of the dancers in regard to the nature of this art form. Example of abstract from a literature essay Abstract This paper briefly analyses two short stories - The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka and Two Kinds by Amy Tan. Results For Banksia aemula the study found that the reproduction of this fluoride-sensitive species may be affected in the close vicinity of the smelter… For the two ground layer species the study found that the fluoride may be affecting the Bossiaea heterophylla but having no discernible or very little effect on the Actinotus helianthi. Conclusion The conclusion is the final section of the abstract. Still, it does describe the issues raised in the paper and highlights the results the author comes to in the course of the literary analysis. Where applicable, follow instructor guidance for formatting and requirements for APA abstract pages. Performing and Visual Arts Example: The dance is a type of performing arts that can have very powerful implications.