Governor generals of india and their achievements. Governor General of British India and their important contributions 2022-11-17
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The Governor-General of India was the representative of the monarch of the United Kingdom and the head of the British administration in India. The post was created in 1773, and the first Governor-General was Warren Hastings. Over the course of the British Raj, which lasted from 1858 to 1947, there were a total of 36 Governor-Generals of India.
One of the most notable Governor-Generals of India was Lord Canning, who served from 1856 to 1862. Lord Canning was the first Governor-General to be granted the title of Viceroy, a title that was later adopted by all of his successors. During his tenure, Lord Canning implemented several important reforms, including the Indian Penal Code and the Indian Councils Act. He also oversaw the suppression of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.
Another notable Governor-General was Lord Lytton, who served from 1876 to 1880. Lord Lytton implemented a number of economic policies that were designed to modernize India, including the promotion of railroads and the expansion of telegraph lines. He also implemented the Vernacular Press Act, which was designed to restrict the freedom of the Indian press.
Lord Curzon, who served as Governor-General from 1899 to 1905, is remembered for his efforts to preserve India's cultural heritage. He established the Archaeological Survey of India and oversaw the restoration of several important historical sites, including the Taj Mahal and the Red Fort. Lord Curzon was also instrumental in the establishment of the National Council of Education, which laid the foundations for the modern Indian education system.
Lord Irwin, who served as Governor-General from 1926 to 1931, is remembered for his efforts to improve relations between Britain and India. He implemented a number of policies designed to increase Indian participation in the administration of the country, and he also established the Simon Commission, which was tasked with considering the possibility of constitutional reform in India.
The last Governor-General of India was Lord Mountbatten, who served from 1947 to 1948. Lord Mountbatten played a crucial role in the transfer of power from Britain to India and the creation of the independent states of India and Pakistan. He is also remembered for his efforts to bring about a peaceful resolution to the communal violence that followed the partition of India.
In summary, the Governor-Generals of India played a significant role in shaping the course of Indian history. From Lord Canning's reforms to Lord Mountbatten's role in the independence of India, the Governor-Generals made many important contributions to the development of the country.
List Of Indian Governors Generals, Check The Complete List Of Governor Generals Of India Here!
Ranjit Singh realized the need for organising a strong and efficient army and changed the former system of feudal levies and organised the Sikhs into a national army. He abolished the system of Circuit Court and appellate courts, thereby eliminating the unnecessary delay in meeting out justice. In fact, he had extended the British Indian empire most by the application of this doctrine. It was Lord Auckland again who took initial steps towards implementing agricultural irrigation plan. It may be mentioned here that the Doctrine of Lapse was not brain-child of Lord Dalhousie. The British Resident David Ochterlony took side of the minor son of the deceased king but as the news reached Lord Amherst, Ochterlony was reprimanded for this intervention. During his tenure, the Second Anglo-Sikh War 1849 was fought in which the Sikhs were again defeated and Lord Dalhousie annexed the whole of Punjab to the British administration.
So long as Ranjit Singh was alive the English maintained a cordial relation with him and even received help from him in placing Shah Shuja on the throne of Afghanistan. The Burmese troops had in the meantime started attacking villages under British possession from Assam border. He withdrew Doctrine of lapse. The important events that took place during the tenure of Lord Hastings are Third Anglo-Maratha War 1816-1818 , the treaty of Sagauli with Nepal in 1816, and the creation of Bombay Presidency in 1818. Lord Mayo 1869-1872 · He started financial decentralization in India. This was taken as an insult by Ochterlony and he resigned his post as Resident. Ranjit Singh welcomed the opportunity and occupied Ludhiana.
The Government spent thirty-eight lacs to meet the situation which proved too inadequate to bring relief to the famine-stricken people. Sir Charles Metcalfe 1835-1836 He held the post temporarily and removed restriction on Vernacular press. However, with the active support of Alexander Duff and Thomas Babington Macaulay as also of the enlightened Indian opinion Bentinck took the first step in February, 1835, by establishing the Calcutta Medical College and on 7th March he and his Council decided that henceforth available public funds would be spent on English education. During his time as Governor General of India, the Zamindars were given judicial authority and civil and criminal courts were founded in each district. The Amirs were all banished from their states and for four years that Charles Napier was in charge of Sind he carried on a policy of repression. The useful information provided on this page about the Governor Generals of India will help you a great deal in answering some tricky questions in entrance examinations. He founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal with William Jones in 1784.
Estimate of Lord Bentinck: Lord William Bentinck occupies a glorious position in the history of India. · In 1882, he passed the Local Self Government act. He was indeed one of the most important personalities in the history of modern India He showed great solicitousness for the welfare of his people and kept a vigilant eye on the local officers lest they should oppress the people. Under Lord Minto this recommendation was acted upon, and it was ordered that no Suttee rite could be performed without the consent of a Magistrate or Police Officer 1813. This gradually led to frontier clashes. It is also argued that Auckland should have tried to persuade Ranjit Singh to return Peshwar to Dost Mohammad, a course which he did not try at all. Lord Linlithgow 1936-1944 Government of India Act enforced in provinces.
He sought the opinion of the judges of the Sadr Nizamat Adalat who recommended that instead of abolishing or prohibiting the rite of Suttee altogether, some legal restrictions should be put to the performance of the rite. . Lord Wavell 1944-1947 Shimla Conference was held on June 25, 1945 between Muslim League and Indian national Congress was failed. The death of Bandula a great General, left the Burmese army without any hope. He was succeeded by C. He appointed Durand Commission to define a line between British India and Afghanistan. Lord Auckland would not substitute the friendship of Ranjit Singh with that of Dost Mohammad, for he considered the former to be more powerful and dependable than Dost Mohammad.
Punjab was placed under a Chief Commissioner and its administration was handed over to experienced and efficient officers like John Lawrence, Herbert Lawrence, Richard Temple, Nicholson etc. · The first Viceroy of India after the war. They appealed to the English authorities about their grievances, the English authorities refused to pay any heed to their appeal. The Nawab of Oudh could not maintain administrative discipline and efficiency as he had become totally dependent on the British army and was under the control of the British Resident. He reformed the law and order system.
Started Competitive examination for Indian Civil Services Widow Remarriage Act 1856-1857 Lord Canning Chakravarti Rajagopalachari The answer is Chakravarti Rajagopalachari. Reforms of Lord Dalhousie: Lord Dalhousie was a reformer of the Utilitarian mould and did not adhere to any abstract political theory or ideology. Lord Amherst came to know of this feeling of the Court of Directors and he resigned in 1828 and was succeeded by Lord William Bentinck. He is credited with very important social and educational reforms in India including the abolishing of Sati, the suppression of female infanticide and Thuggee, ending lawlessness, human sacrifices. The treaty of alliance of 1809 was renewed in 1820. But his fear of Russian progress towards India through Afghanistan to alley which he followed a short-highted, unsteady and military inefficient policy.
List of Governor General and Viceroy of India (Complete List)
Bodowpaya conquered the Arakan in 1784 and by 1813 occupied Manipur. Later the title of Governor General was changed to Viceroy. This led to a great disorder in Gwalior, the advantage of which was taken by the army which seized the political power of the country. Karauli was neither created by the Company nor was under the Company by any agreement. What he did was to develop it.
Governor General of British India and their important contributions
This was followed by a more dishonourable agreement with the Afghans. Second Factory Act 1891 was passed during his time. Lord Cornwallis 1786-1793 Introduced Permanent Settlement of Bengal also called Zamindari system. The British troops also forced the Amirs of Sind to pay money to the British. But before General Nott reached Kabul, Pollock had succeeded in freeing the British troops from the siege. The British suppressed the mutiny with inhuman torture on the Sepoys and a large number of the Sepoys lost their lives at the hands of the British troops.