Louis xiv biography video. Force, Order, and Diplomacy In the Age of Louis XIV 2022-10-27
Louis xiv biography video Rating:
Louis XIV, also known as the Sun King, was a French monarch who ruled from 1643 to 1715. He is perhaps best known for his lavish lifestyle, grand construction projects, and strong centralization of government.
Louis XIV was born on September 5, 1638 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France. His father, Louis XIII, died when Louis XIV was just five years old, so he was raised by his mother, Anne of Austria, and his tutor, Jean-Baptiste Colbert. From a young age, Louis XIV was taught about the importance of royal authority and the absolute power of the monarchy.
Throughout his reign, Louis XIV sought to strengthen the power of the monarchy and centralize the government. He established a centralized bureaucracy and introduced a number of new taxes to fund his ambitious construction projects, including the Palace of Versailles. The palace, which became the center of French court life, was a symbol of Louis XIV's wealth and power. It was filled with elaborate decorations and housed over 3,000 people, including nobles, courtiers, and servants.
Louis XIV was also a patron of the arts and encouraged the development of French culture. He commissioned many works of art and supported the creation of the French Academy of Sciences. Under his rule, French became the dominant language in the arts and sciences, and French literature, music, and dance flourished.
Despite his many achievements, Louis XIV faced numerous challenges during his reign. The most significant of these was the costly and ongoing wars with other European powers, particularly the Dutch and the English. These wars strained France's resources and weakened the country's economy. In addition, Louis XIV's policies were unpopular with many of the French people, who resented the high taxes and the rigid social hierarchy of the monarchy.
Overall, Louis XIV was a significant figure in French history who played a key role in shaping the country's political and cultural landscape. He is remembered as a powerful and ambitious monarch who left a lasting legacy on France and Europe.
Der Westfälische Friede: Diplomatie—Politische Zäsur—Kulturelles Umfeld—Rezeptionsgeschichte. . In each late 17th- and early 18th-century test of arms, the better-sighted guns and longer-ranged, fasterfiring cannon of the day caused far higher casualties than had been the usual case at the start of the 17thcentury. Frondeurs ' pretext for revolt. If one party shared similar stature or wealth, then the wherewithal of others would be diminished.
Whatever territorial and administrative inhibitions he might have privately acknowledged, none were made clear by his actions. Finance had always been the weak spot in the French monarchy: methods of collecting taxes were costly and inefficient; direct taxes passed through the hands of many intermediate officials; and indirect taxes were collected by private concessionaries, called tax farmers, who made a substantial profit. Anne of Austria: Queen of France. It follows the Bourbon, Kings of France, and the Counts of Paris and Worms. For a while, the expectation of equilibrium, predicated on a balance of power did sustain the independence of states and a modicum of stability.
First, Louis had Non-European relations and the colonies Meanwhile, diplomatic relations were initiated with distant countries. The Slavs in European History and Civilization. One of the leaders of the Parlement of Paris, whom she had jailed, died in prison. The memoirist There was nothing he liked so much as flattery, or, to put it more plainly, adulation; the coarser and clumsier it was, the more he relished it. King The principal claimants to the throne of Spain belonged to the ruling families of France and Austria. They have a master's degree in religious studies from Western Kentucky University and a bachelor's degree in English literature and religious studies from Western Kentucky University. Once finally declared, the The war began with French successes, but the talents of France established contact with Defeats, famine, and mounting debt greatly weakened France.
Force, Order, and Diplomacy In the Age of Louis XIV
Most European rulers accepted Philip as king, some reluctantly. Turning point The final phases of the War of the Spanish Succession demonstrated that the Allies could not maintain Archduke Charles in Spain just as surely as France could not retain the entire Spanish inheritance for Philip V. He visited no ship or shipyard until 1681 and that appears as an effort to mollify his aging minister. Supporters The two supporters are two angels, acting as Motto The motto is written in gold on a blue ribbon: Orders The escutcheons are surrounded first by the chain of the ordres du roi. A History of Modern Europe.
These varying interpretations of Louis abounded in self-contradictions that reflected the people's amalgamation of their everyday experiences with the idea of monarchy. Despite evidence of affection early on in their marriage, Louis was never faithful to Maria Theresa. He took a series of mistresses, both official and unofficial. For Louis, especially in his early years, the only legitimate object of peace could be the gift of time in which France would prepare for war. Domestically, he successfully increased the influence of the crown and its authority over the church and aristocracy, thus consolidating absolute monarchy in France. The expenditure was around 18million pounds, leaving a deficit of 8million.
Edict of Fontainebleau Louis decided to persecute Protestants and revoke the 1598 Responding to petitions, Louis initially excluded Protestants from office, constrained the meeting of In 1681, Louis dramatically increased his persecution of Protestants. Louis began his personal reign with administrative and fiscal reforms. On command, they would produce a great continuous rain of fire, while receiving in kind from theiradversaries. Held numerous offices, of which: by c. . To remind the people of these triumphs, Louis erected permanent Louis' reign marked the birth and infancy of the art of He also used Ballet Louis loved His choices were strategic and varied. I request and order you to seal no orders except by my command.
Apartments were built to house those willing to pay court to the king. They often focused on the miseries arising from poor government, but also carried the hope for a better future when Louis escaped the malignant influence of his ministers and mistresses, and took the government into his own hands. War was the primary means, Louis felt, to define his greatness. . Protestants across Europe were horrified at the treatment of their co-religionists, but most Catholics in France applauded the move. As a result, carnage, even when it could be localized, grew immense. But Louis did not study the interests of others to harmonize French purposes with those of his neighbors the dictionary definition of diplomacy.
In their analysis, his early reforms centralised France and marked the birth of the modern French state. Louis was willing enough to tax the nobles but was unwilling to fall under their control, and only towards the close of his reign, under extreme stress of war, was he able, for the first time in French history, to impose direct taxes on the aristocratic elements of the population. About 75 years after his death. These historians also emphasise the effect of Louis' wars in expanding France's boundaries and creating more defensible frontiers that preserved France from invasion until the Revolution. Indeed, the death toll from late 17th- and early 18th-century battles—at Blenheim, Ladnen, Malpequet, Ramilles, and Oudenarde—were not regularly exceeded until the Battle of Bordino and the American Civil War.
The principal taxes included the aides and douanes both taille was reduced at first; financial officials were forced to keep regular accounts, auctioning certain taxes instead of selling them privately to a favoured few, revising inventories and removing unauthorized exemptions for example, in 1661 only 10 per cent from the royal domain reached the King. The Allies were definitively expelled from central Spain by the Franco-Spanish victories at the Battles of French military successes near the end of the war took place against the background of a changed political situation in Austria. The king yearned for what he was sure would be a lopsided romp through the Dutch countryside. Louis's extravagance at Versailles extended far beyond the scope of elaborate court rituals. He had court mistresses as well, and by the time of his death, he had three legitimate children who had survived infancy with his first wife as well as approximately 15 illegitimate children. The Ottoman Empire and the World Around It. Western Civilization: A Brief History, Volume I: To 1715.