Metatheatre in shakespeare. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead 2022-10-27
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Metatheatre, also known as self-referential theatre, is a form of theatre in which the performance draws attention to its own nature as a performance. In other words, metatheatre calls attention to the fact that what the audience is watching is a play and not reality. This can be achieved through the use of characters who are aware that they are in a play, breaking the fourth wall by addressing the audience directly, or using other elements that remind the audience that they are watching a performance.
William Shakespeare was one of the foremost practitioners of metatheatre in the history of theatre. Many of his plays contain elements of metatheatre that serve to comment on the nature of theatre itself. For example, in "As You Like It," the character of Jaques delivers a famous monologue in which he reflects on the role of the actor and the artificiality of theatre: "All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players." In this monologue, Jaques calls attention to the fact that the characters on stage are simply actors playing roles and that the events of the play are not real.
Another example of metatheatre in Shakespeare's work can be found in "Hamlet." In this play, the character of the Player King delivers a speech in which he reflects on the nature of acting and the relationship between the actor and the audience. The Player King suggests that the actor has the power to move the audience to tears through the power of his performance, even though the events he is portraying are not real. This speech serves to remind the audience that they are watching a play and not experiencing actual events.
Shakespeare's use of metatheatre serves a number of purposes. It can be used to comment on the nature of theatre itself, as in the case of Jaques' monologue in "As You Like It." It can also be used to create a sense of irony or to call attention to the artificiality of the events being portrayed. In addition, metatheatre can be used to draw the audience more fully into the play by making them more aware of their role as spectators.
Overall, Shakespeare's use of metatheatre is an important part of his oeuvre and has had a significant impact on the development of theatre as an art form. His ability to call attention to the nature of performance and to reflect on the relationship between actors, characters, and audiences has made him one of the most enduring and influential playwrights in the history of theatre.
Théâtre dans le théâtre — Wikipédia
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