Mt pinatubo case study. A Level Geography Volcanoes 2022-10-28
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Mount Pinatubo is a stratovolcano located on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. It is one of the most active volcanoes in the country and has erupted several times in the past. The most significant eruption occurred on June 15, 1991, when the volcano spewed a huge ash cloud that covered a large area of the Philippines and neighboring countries.
Before the 1991 eruption, Mount Pinatubo had been dormant for hundreds of years. However, in April of that year, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) began to monitor the volcano after noticing a significant increase in seismic activity. On June 7, PHIVOLCS raised the alert level to level 3, indicating that a hazardous eruption was imminent.
On June 12, the first ash eruption occurred, and over the next few days, the ash cloud grew larger and larger. On June 15, the eruption reached its climax, with the ash cloud reaching a height of 40 kilometers (25 miles). The ash cloud covered an area of more than 20,000 square kilometers (7,700 square miles), and ashfall was reported as far as 1,000 kilometers (620 miles) away from the volcano.
The eruption caused widespread destruction and loss of life. In total, more than 800 people were killed, and more than 200,000 people were forced to evacuate their homes. The ashfall also caused damage to agriculture, buildings, and infrastructure, with the total cost of the disaster estimated at $1 billion.
Despite the destructive nature of the eruption, it also had some positive impacts. The ash cloud created a veil of particles that reflected some of the sun's energy back into space, leading to a decrease in global temperatures. This "volcanic winter" effect lasted for a few years and contributed to the cooling trend that occurred in the early 1990s.
The eruption of Mount Pinatubo serves as a reminder of the power and potential dangers of volcanoes. It also highlights the importance of monitoring and preparing for volcanic eruptions. The Philippines has a long history of volcanic activity, and PHIVOLCS continues to monitor the country's volcanoes to ensure the safety of the population.
Pinatubo Vs St Helens Case Study
These volcanoes are around 80 million years old and is where paradise meets darkness. This strato volcano erupted in June, 1991 and it is deemed the largest eruptions to hit in the past twentieth century. Noticed changes: Small earthquakes, SO2 emissions lowering, rumbling felt, and ash and smoke seen. Helens was triggered by an earthquake. When the volcano erupted, the north face of the volcano blew out spewing an avalanche of rock and debris up into the atmosphere.
The Philippines should have launched an appeal seeking assistance from the wide international community. Helens is located in the United States of America. It has been called the "drive up" volcano because of the ease of access to many of its volcanic activity. The Clark airforce base, the largest US base outside the US was located here, and so the USGS monitored it carefully, and so the impact was well managed. S o c i a l 847 people killed by collapsing roofs Ash and pumice destroyed 42000 homes 1. Although the 1991 eruption was one of the largest and most violent of the 20th century, it was weaker than the previous Pinatubo eruptions. Locals had been trained by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology to tell them when they see emissions or smell sulfur.
When Yasur erupts often times what happens is Molten Rocks, Dust, Gas, Pyroclastic, Ash and most of all Lava shoots out. They made a hazard map to help the Columbians see the area of effect, however, the Columbian government didn't listen. The island of Hawaii is composed of five volcanoes, three of which have been active within the past two hundred years. Mauna Loa's latest activity was in 1984 and Hualalai's in 1800-1801, but is likely to erupt again within the next one hundred years. The eruption was caused by a magnitude 5. These hot spots spew out of molten rock that rises to the water's surface and hardens.
There were no known historic eruptions. Seismic experts failed to explore the possibility of a volcanic — storm interaction and solely focused on the ramifications of volcanic eruption. Due to USGS United States Geological Survey geologists observations of a large bulge measuring 140m on the north face of the volcano. The next couple of months proved to be very mundane. Global cooling caused by the ash. Pinatubo is located in Botolan in the Philippines. Even, the competitive parity is not desired position, but the company should not lose its valuable resources, even they are common.
Mount Pinatubo Case Study (Effects (Economic (The eruption cost 700…
The eruption is the most studied volcano eruption. Helens in 1980 was a series of small earthquakes that began on March 16. USAID is just one of the few foreign donors in HT Pinatubo eruption. It was a disaster, and one of the worst ever volcanic eruptions. The eruption of Mount Vesuvius devastated and destroyed Pompeii.
After defining the problems and constraints, analysis of the case study is begin. Located in an LEDC, where the USGS had predicted well, discovering increase in earthquakes and stopping of gas. Another is that it is possibly on a hot spot, due to the convection underneath the plate. Turrialbas last major explosion was in 1866, but since then smoke keeps being released. There have been many volcanic eruptions throughout history. Mauna Loa is the second tallest volcano in the world. Nyiragongo has erupted 34 times; sometimes having continuous eruptions for years on end! Mount Shasta Research Paper 910 Words 4 Pages Mount Shasta last erupted in 1986.
Mount Pinatubo is among the highest peaks in west-central Luzon. This means it belongs to what is commonly known as the ring of fire. This eruption was the deadliest of all the volcanic activity in the United States, and the people who live near the mountain are still affected by what the eruption did to this day. Aid organisations aided in rebuilding infrastruccture, with roads, water supplies, etc. Nyiragongo has been a very active volcano. After two months of emissions and small explosions, a series of major explosions began on June 12.
Stretching 1500 miles across the Pacific Ocean and twice the size of Mount St. Changes in these situation and its effects. Helens Research Paper It appeared to oringinate directly under Mount St. One is duplicating that is direct imitation and the other one is substituting that is indirect imitation. Yellowstone National Park: Supervolcano In America 859 Words 4 Pages Many science organizations have agreed that the probability of another super eruption is a low probability chances are quite slim with estimates being a minimum of 1 in 730,000. East Maui, or Haleakala, one of the oldest volcanoes, has a long eruptive history and recent activity indicates that the volcano will erupt in the near future.
Mt Pinatubo Case Study Case Study Solution and Analysis of Harvard Case Studies
STEP 7: VRIO Analysis of Mt Pinatubo Case Study: Vrio analysis for Mt Pinatubo Case Study case study identified the four main attributes which helps the organization to gain a competitive advantages. Kilauea's latest eruption still continues as of today. Still there is much we don't understand about the inner workings of this volcano. Clear yourself first that on what basis you have to apply SWOT matrix. However only 10 of these eruptions since Oct. It is used for the purpose of identifying business opportunities and advance threat warning.
Helens was a beautiful symmetrical cone, 3,000 meters above sea level. Moreover, it is also called Internal-External Analysis. To date many of the Aetas still reside in resettlement camps. Pinatubo mostly noted for a failed geothermal development project. There is four different kind of volcano a Cinder volcano which is the most common volcano. The buyer power is high if there are too many alternatives available. It would seem that this is enough warning that the volcano is going to erupt.