The Nehru Report was a document produced in 1928 by a committee of the All India Congress Party, the party of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru. The report was a response to the British government's invitation to Indian political leaders to offer suggestions for future constitutional reform in India.
The Nehru Report was significant because it marked the first time that Indian nationalists had presented a comprehensive and detailed plan for the future of India. The report called for the establishment of a federal system of government in India, with a strong central government and autonomous provinces. It also called for the protection of civil liberties, including freedom of speech, religion, and the press, and for the establishment of a secular state in which all religions would be treated equally.
One of the most controversial aspects of the Nehru Report was its recommendation for the introduction of universal adult suffrage, which would have granted the right to vote to all adult Indians, regardless of their wealth or social status. This recommendation was opposed by many wealthy and influential Indians, who feared that it would lead to the empowerment of the lower classes at their expense.
Despite its significant contributions to the discourse on Indian independence and self-governance, the Nehru Report was ultimately unsuccessful in its goal of influencing British policy. However, it did serve as an important precursor to the Indian independence movement and laid the foundations for the constitution of independent India.
In conclusion, the Nehru Report was a significant document in the history of India's struggle for independence. Its recommendations for a federal system of government, the protection of civil liberties, and the establishment of a secular state continue to shape the political landscape of India to this day.
Congress and the Muslim League had decided to boycott the Commission, to support their leaders the entire country adhered to hartals when the commission appeared in India on 3 February 1928. For Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah it was a calamity. Police Repression The appointment of the Commission sparked off a surge of kick each over the country. This report has a lot of great proposals that aim to create a positive impact on India. What is the Nehru Report? The conference was attended by around hundred delegates from all the important parties including Indian National Congress, All India Muslim League, National Liberal Federation, Hindu Mahasabha, Central Sikh League etc. Who was the Secretary of State for Indian Affairs in 1928? Similarly, it provided for reservation for non-Muslims in the NWFP.
Motilal Nehru was the chairman and his son Jawaharlal Nehru was the secretary. The conference failed to reach a conclusion on the issue of the rights of minorities. When the Simon Commission came to India in 1928, it was vehemently opposed by Indians especially the Congress Party for the lack of a single Indian in the Commission. The Nehru Report of 28 August 1928 was a memorandum to appeal for a new dominion status and a federal set-up of government for the constitution of India. The Indian National congress decided to boycott the commission. Their refusal to compromise made further cooperation impossible.
R Pradhan, which was completed in August 1928 and known as the Nehru Report, named after its chief architect Motilal Nehru. The All-Party Convention in Calcutta in December 1928 did not approve the report due to objections from some communalist leaders of the Muslim League and others. Muhammad Shafi of Punjab, President of the Muslim league in 1927, thought it would be best to try to influence the Simon commission. When did Simon Commission come to India in 1928? Sindh would be created into a new province by severing from Bombay only after dominion status was granted and weightage would be given to the Hindu minority there. Jinnah had put forward at the Calcutta Convention.
Equal rights for men and women as citizens. The use of the English language shall be permitted. The All Parties Conference was a group of Indian political parties known for organizing a committee in May 1928 to author the Constitution of India after independence was actualized. Two sub-committees were formed but the end result was not different from the first session. These were accepted by Congress at its Madras session. Most of the Indian political parties decided to boycott the Commission on the plea that it lacked Indian representation. Despite many hurdles, the Nehru Committee completed its task and its report, commonly known as Nehru Report was presented in the fourth session of the All Parties Conference held in August 1928.
One out of four was incorporated i. It was during the third session of the All Parties Conference held at Bombay in May 1928 that a seven members committee under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru to determine the basic features of the future constitution of India. But, what exactly is the Nehru report, what. Syed Ali Imam, due to bad heath could not attend the meetings of the Committee while Shoaib Qureshi refused to sign the repot. Instead, they asked the Indians to frame the constitution themselves.
Under the Act of 1919, new reforms were to be introduced in India by the British Government after every 10 years. He would be appointed by the British monarch. What was the result of the Delhi report? There should be a bi-cameral legislature consisting of senate and House of Representatives. The Committee declared that it was useless to ask anything less than complete Swaraj and presented the following demands: India should be given Dominion Status with the Parliamentary form of Government. What is conclusion of Nehru report? Birkenhead, secretary of state for India, challenged the Indian leaders to prepare a constitution agreeable to all Indian parties. A committee was set up by All-parties conference, in 1928, under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru. The ministry would be responsible to the legislature.
Nehru Report & Jinnah's 14 Points [NCERT Notes on Modern History Of India For UPSC]
There will be no reserved seats for communities in Punjab and Bengal. Instead, the congress and the League cooperated in a committee under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru. India will be a federation which shall have a bicameral legislature at the centre and Ministry would be responsible to the legislature. The Commission was popularly known as Simon Commission as it was headed or chaired by Sir John Simon. Have you read these? Moreover, it desired to make the N.
Ultimately, the All-Party Convention failed to pass the Report because of communal interests but we can say that somehow Nehru Report was an attempt to cement the gulf between Congress and the Muslim League. The lathi beating paralyzed Govind Ballabh Pant for life. Keep reading this article to find answers to all these questions. It was during the third session of the All Parties Conference held at Bombay in May 1928 that a seven members committee under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru to determine the basic features of the future constitution of India. Jawahar Lal Nehru came out to pass a quick resolution at that session publicizing full independence as a matter of Congress. After the failure of the Commission, there was no alternative for the They knew that the Congress and Muslim League were the two main parties and that they both had serious differences in opinions. It all started with a challenge given by the Britishers to frame our own Constitution.
The Nehru Report, Delhi Proposal and Jinnah’s Fourteen Demands
In response to the comments from the British that the Indian parties, despite their criticism of British reforms, could not come up with viable alternatives. Who presided over the All Party Conference 1928? The reports had drowned an inspiration from the American bill of rights which laid to the foundation of Fundamental Rights provision in the Indian Constitution. Why did Jinnah produce 14 points? The challenge was taken seriously and the All-Party Conference took place, with all parties, including Congress and the Muslim League, working enthusiastically and collectively to finalize the recommendations of the report popularly known as the Nehru Report. The committee consisted of nine other members. East West Knowledge Website Was Designed For The Students Of All Competition Exams. QUIAD E AZAM PROPOSALS The views of the Muslim League were ignored.
In the fourth session of the All Parties Conference convened in December to review the Nehru Report, Jinnah representing the Muslim League presented following four amendments in the report: There should be no less than one-third Muslim representation in the Central Legislature. Background In November 1927, the British Government had appointed the Simon Commission to see how the Government of India was working. Jinnah proposed the changes to review the report. This rule should be present in every province. Who opposed Nehru report? The police resorted to cathartic measures, thousands of people were beaten up, there was firing and Lathi charges at numerous places, not sparing even the senior leaders, Jawaharlal Nehru and Govind Ballabh Pant were beaten up in Lucknow. Recommendations of the report Nineteen fundamental rights including the right to vote for men and women above 21 years of age, unless disqualified.