On sociological theories of the middle range. Middle 2022-11-16

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Sociological theories of the middle range are a set of theoretical frameworks that seek to explain and predict patterns of social behavior and relationships. These theories are often referred to as "middle range" because they fall between the grand, abstract theories of society, such as functionalism and conflict theory, and the specific, empirical observations of social behavior.

One of the key features of middle range theories is that they are grounded in empirical data and seek to explain specific social phenomena, rather than offering broad, general explanations of society as a whole. These theories often draw on a variety of data sources, including surveys, experiments, and case studies, to develop and test their hypotheses.

One example of a middle range theory is symbolic interactionism, which focuses on the way that people create and interpret symbols and meanings in their interactions with others. According to this theory, people's behavior is shaped by their understanding of the symbols and meanings that are attached to social objects and events. This theory has been applied to a wide range of social phenomena, including gender roles, family relationships, and organizational behavior.

Another example of a middle range theory is exchange theory, which explains social behavior in terms of the exchange of rewards and costs. This theory suggests that people are motivated to engage in social interactions because they expect to receive some sort of reward, such as social status or material goods, in exchange for their efforts. Exchange theory has been applied to a variety of social situations, including market exchanges, political negotiations, and social relationships.

Middle range theories can be valuable tools for understanding and predicting social behavior because they offer a more nuanced and specific understanding of social phenomena than grand theories. They can also be more easily tested and refined based on empirical data. However, it is important to recognize that middle range theories are limited in their scope and may not be able to fully explain complex social phenomena or the broader structure of society.

[PDF] II ON SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES OF THE MIDDLE RANGE

on sociological theories of the middle range

Again, according to Merton, middle-range theory involves abstractions, of course, but they are close enough to observe data to be incorporated in propositions that permit empirical testing. It allows sociologists to find a way through the big abstract picture of society that does not allow any research. Because its referents are so diverseĀ­ including everything from minor working hypotheses, through compreĀ­ hensive but vague and unordered speculations, to axiomatic systems of thought-use of the word often obscures rather than creates underĀ­ standing. Secondly, sociology enables one to develop a sense of appreciation for the diversities that are found in a set of people. Two Benefits Of Sociology: Sociology, Culture, And Society 1474 Words 6 Pages It allows one to understand hoe the society fits together and the consequences that might arise when the community is affected by social change. However he agreed with Talcott Parson that narrow empiricism cannot arrive at successful theory. Theory of middle-range is not a new theory, it has swellstablished roots.

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Middle

on sociological theories of the middle range

Merton admits that tendencies towards fragmentation in Sociology have indeed developed, but this is scarcely a result of working towards theories of intermediate scope. In my life, there are forces that I do and do not know of, but either way they still affect my behavior and the decisions I make, helping to form my sociological imagination. Merton makes a statement on this book, Throughout this book, the term sociological theory refers to logically interconnected sets of Propositions from which empirical uniformities can be derived in is way, Marlon emphasized on that theorists must invest their energies in the construction of limited number of theories based on research. One theory may explain one element of society better than another. I can now understand the way that some of my actions and beliefs have been affected by the world that I live in. Many findings eventually seem to agree with common sense. This theory has been supported directly or indirectly by Bacon, Plato, and Mill, and also some sociologists such as Hawkins, Ginsberg.

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Middle range theory (sociology)

on sociological theories of the middle range

Middle-range theory is principally used in sociology to guide empirical inquiry. It is realized that in too extensive and all-embracing studies, we can hardly do justice to our subject. Hence it opposed the grand theorizing of social theory like functionalism, conflict theories etc. They are not without their problems, but these theories remain widely used and cited precisely because they have withstood a great deal of criticism. In the recent decades, the analytical sociology program has emerged as an attempt synthesizing middle-range theories into a more coherent abstract framework as Merton had hoped would eventually happen.

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Middle Range Theory (sociology)

on sociological theories of the middle range

Because its referents are so diverse - including everything from minor working hypotheses, through comprehensive but vague and unordered speculations, to axiomatic systems of thought - use of the word often obscures rather than creates understanding. As evidenced in comparative studies of social organization. Or, both may be useful for explaining social life. Each theory provides an image giving rise to inferences. For surely, says Merton, this monograph is a prime example of theorizing in the middy le-range; it deals with a severely delimited problem-one that happens to be exemplified in a particular historical epoch with implications for other societies and other times; it employs a limited theory about the ways in which religious commitment and economic behaviour are connected; and it contributes to a so eight more general theory of the modes of inter-dependency between social institutions.


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Middle Range Theory in Sociology Free Essay Example

on sociological theories of the middle range

This is middle range theory. For example, a sociologist speaks of a theory of reference groups, of social mobility or role-conflict just as a natural scientist speaks of a theory of gravitation or a germ theory of disease. Her job is not to create a bed of roses, but to help him learn how to pick his way through the thorns. Theories of the middle range are an approach to sociological theorizing aimed at integrating theory and empirical research. Robert Merton's Contribution To Sociology 1335 Words 6 Pages To fully understand what Robert K. It seeks to discover how human society has come Emile Durkheim And The Marxist Theory Of Karl Marx 1512 Words 7 Pages In this Essay I will compare and contrast two major theoretical perspectives in Sociology.

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[PDF] Chapter 35 On Sociological Theories of the Middle Range [ 1949 ]

on sociological theories of the middle range

Social Theory and Social Structure 1968 Enlarged ed. Only three white men are Canonization for sociology and taught all around the world forgetting about other great minds in history. Grand theorists seek to develop all-encompassing theories that can apply to society at large. Merton, by citing a few examples, has characteristically explained the nature of middle-range theories. Sociologists develop theories to explain social phenomena.


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Middle

on sociological theories of the middle range

Importance of Theory Theory is the connective tissue that bridges the connection between raw data and critical thought. When Durkheim introduced the ideas of anomie and social solidarity, he began to explain the difference in suicide rates. Truman Burbank in The Truman Show, develops his sociological imagination throughout the movie, because of this, his life is completely flipped upside down. These theories are prominent because they are quite good at explaining social life. Middle range theories are principally used in sociology to guide empirical inquiry.


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1.3A: Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology

on sociological theories of the middle range

Middle-range theories deal with delimited aspects of social phenomena. Another criticism holds that theories of middle-range splinter the field of Sociology into unrelated special theories. Throughout we focus on what I have called theories of the middle range: theories that lie between the minor but necessary working hypotheses that evolve in abundance during day-to-day research and the all-inclusive systematic efforts to develop a unified theory that will explain all the observed uniformities of social behavior, social organization, and social change. This was also important in post-war thought. Just like in sociology, where things are not what they seem the same goes for the foundation of sociology should be questioned. Nature and uses of Middle-Range Theories Merton has maintained that middle-range theory is practically used in sociology to guide empirical inquiry.

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