An article review template can be a useful tool for students who are tasked with writing a review of a research article. It can help guide the student through the process of reviewing an article and ensure that all important points are covered.
The first step in using an article review template is to read the article carefully. This may involve skimming the article to get a general understanding of the content, and then going back and reading it more thoroughly to identify the main points and arguments made by the author.
Once the student has a good understanding of the article, they can begin to fill out the template. This may involve summarizing the main points of the article, identifying any strengths or weaknesses in the research or argument, and providing an evaluation of the overall quality of the article.
The template may also include a section for the student to provide their own perspective on the article, and to discuss how the research relates to their own interests or areas of study.
One key element to include in an article review template is a discussion of the sources used by the author. This may involve evaluating the credibility and relevance of the sources, and considering whether the author has accurately represented the research of others.
Finally, the student should use the template to provide a conclusion to their review, summarizing their overall evaluation of the article and offering any recommendations for further research or analysis.
Overall, an article review template can be a valuable tool for students, helping them to structure their review and ensure that they have covered all important points. By following a template, students can more easily produce a well-written, thoughtful review of a research article.
Phenylketonuria Definition & Meaning
For those who are on a restrictive diet, many people benefit from working closely with a dietician who can advise on the best foods to eat, what to avoid and how to get all the nutrients you need to stay healthy. The widespread success of screening programs introduced in the 1960s has led to parents who are carriers to be successfully treated and go through childbearing years avoiding either transmitting the disease or affecting the unborn fetus. United States Caucasians are affected at a rate of 1 in 10,000. Excess phenylalanine also inhibits formation of melanin from tyrosine. Many restaurants now cater to people on special diets, too. But in the United States, it's most common in people of European ancestry and much less common in people of African ancestry. The amount of allowable phenylalanine can be increased slightly as a child becomes older.
However, many patients who abandon careful nutritional management develop cognitive problems, such as difficulties remembering, maintaining focus, and paying attention. Phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency: Diagnosis and management guideline. For some individuals with a rare metabolic disorder, protein is toxic and should be nearly eliminated from their diet. There are also lots of online communities to choose from. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that this test should be performed on infants between 24 hours and seven days after birth.
Symptoms result from lack of an enzyme, phenylalanine hydroxylase, necessary for the conversion of phenylalanine to adj phenylketonu´ric. However, some patients may be much more expressive and tend to have hyperactive, talkative, and impulsive personalities. From time to time, you or your child might get bored with their meal plan and want to eat what everyone else does. This can vary a lot from child to child. Phe is one of many amino acids that join together to form proteins. Phenylketonuria affects about 1 in 12,000 babies. Check with your state legislature and medical insurance company to find out if this coverage is available for you.
If your level is off, your treatment team will work with you to bring it into a safe range. It affects the way your body handles an amino acid called phenylalanine Phe for short. When your baby is old enough to eat solid foods, you need to avoid letting them eat foods high in protein. Inheritance is autosomal passive manner. Their health is rarely affected because they have only one changed gene. Make sure you follow your diet for your entire life to prevent symptoms that could be dangerous to your health.
The screening test is performed when the baby is one to two days old and still in the hospital. Large-scale studies have helped to clarify how various mutations affect the ability of patients to process phenylalanine. Symptoms affect those with undiagnosed or untreated cases. Low dopamine levels in the brain disrupt normal communication between nerve cells, which results in impaired cognitive mental function. Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs.
Pegvaliase Palynziq is given as a shot. Current Directions in Psychological Science. If you or your child develops symptoms of phenylketonuria, contact your healthcare provider for a thorough evaluation. If not treated, the damage may be irreversible. Pku affects on the human nervous system The extensive network of nerves in the brain and the rest of the nervous system are made up of nerve cells. In mild or moderate forms, the enzyme still has some function, so phenylalanine levels are not as high, resulting in a smaller risk of significant brain damage.
The most common blood phenylalanine recommendations in U. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. But a child can have serious problems if the level of phenylalanine is high in the mother's blood during pregnancy. Some studies have shown that people in support groups know more about their disease and are more likely to stick with treatment. Additional tests may be performed to confirm the initial results. But diets for some kids are stricter than for others. Low birth weight and slow development in comparison to other children are evident in these children.
Kuvan is to be utilized related to a Phe-confined eating regimen. Thus, some health professionals recommend adding time released tyrosine that can provide a more constant supply of this amino acid to the body. This implies phenylalanine develops in the individual's urine, blood, and body. Eventually, this amino acid starts to cause brain damage. When diagnosis and treatment are delayed, brain damage may occur. About twenty amino acids exist in nature. In older kids and adults, you take the blood from a fingertip.
High-protein diets are all the rage right now. Since Phe is necessary for the synthesis of many proteins, it is required for appropriate growth, but levels must be strictly controlled. These programs may have age or cost limits, though. A dangerous buildup of phenylalanine can occur when someone eats high-protein foods, such as eggs and meat. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases. Blood tests should be done in the early morning when phenylalanine levels are highest.
Tyrosine, which is normally derived from phenylalanine and which is necessary for normal brain function, is usually supplemented. Unmetabolized phenylalanine is shunted into the pathway that leads to the formation of phenylketones. The disease is autosomal recessive, meaning the person must inherit one defective copy from each parent to get the disease. You should stay on treatment for life. One is a pill called sapropterin Kuvan that helps process Phe. This gene helps create the enzyme needed to break down phenylalanine.