Phineas gage study ib psychology. Lesson one on how to "explain" a study... 2022-11-16
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The Phineas Gage study is a well-known case in the field of psychology that has been widely studied and discussed for its implications on the role of the frontal lobes in personality and behavior. The case involves a railroad construction worker named Phineas Gage who survived a severe brain injury when a tamping iron passed through his skull and damaged his frontal lobes.
Gage's injury occurred in 1848 and he survived for another 12 years before his death. Despite his survival, the injury had significant effects on his personality and behavior. Prior to the injury, Gage was described as a responsible and reliable worker who was well-liked by his colleagues. However, after the injury, Gage's personality changed dramatically. He became impulsive, irresponsible, and prone to fits of rage and aggression. He also had difficulty controlling his emotions and making decisions.
The case of Phineas Gage is significant because it provided early evidence of the importance of the frontal lobes in personality and behavior. The frontal lobes are located in the front of the brain and are responsible for a range of functions, including decision-making, problem-solving, and the regulation of emotion and behavior. The damage to Gage's frontal lobes resulted in a significant change in his personality and behavior, suggesting that these areas of the brain play a critical role in shaping an individual's personality and ability to control their behavior.
In addition to its implications for understanding the role of the frontal lobes in personality and behavior, the Phineas Gage study has also been used to explore other psychological concepts, such as the concept of free will. Some have argued that the dramatic changes in Gage's behavior after his injury suggest that our behavior is determined by brain function rather than being a result of free will.
Overall, the Phineas Gage study is a well-known and influential case in the field of psychology that has contributed significantly to our understanding of the brain and behavior. It has helped to shed light on the role of the frontal lobes in shaping personality and behavior, and has also been used to explore broader psychological concepts such as free will.
Psychology Phineas gage Flashcards
The case study results showed that Gage initially had a decline in cognitive abilities. As little was known about the function of the frontal lobe the research was also explorative. There is also a digital model which was created to trace the rod path. In this particular instance, psychologists were able to better understand the frontal lobe's ability to dictate a person's behavior and personality. Patients were injected with a tracer before performing a variety of continuous activities that were aimed to exercise the frontal lobe planning of future action and movement , the right temperal hearing and aspects of learning, memory and emotion lobe and the paretial lobe tactile sensation and body image. A case study allowed in depth data to be recorded about a particular individual.
Even though he could not communicate verbally , he was able to communicate through his actions, which indicated to his wife that his actions were not impaired. This made him look behind over his right shoulder, aligning his head unintentionally with the blast hole. Case Study Methodology When conducting a case study, the first step is forming a hypothesis. Researchers do not believe that this is a scientific way to theorise research. Phineas Gage died on May 21, 1860, almost 12 years after his brain injury.
And our reasons begin with a fascinating event that occurred over 150 years ago. At the time of his accident, Phineas Gage worked as a foreman for a railroad company. In 1848, 25-year-old Phineas Gage was a foreman on the Rutland and Burlington Railroad where it was his job to prepare the ground for future train tracks. The frontal lobes are the largest and most anterior front lobes in the human brain and are responsible for voluntary movement, expressive language, and higher-level executive functions. Everyone expected him to die but his life was saved by the treatment of his infection with caustic silver nitrate and the drainage of built-up pus. First, let's fully define what we mean by case studies. This made him behave inappropriately when it came to social situations.
However, if you know it really well, you should score as well as when using another less overused study. Phineas Gage Physical Injuries Much of our current understanding of what happens when people sustain head injuries comes from patients like Gage who have suffered some type of brain injury. Many scholars opposed the assumption that the cerebral cortex served simply to protect the brain however were unable to prove their notion. Phineas Gage's Accident Phineas Gage became a contractor of Rutland and Burlington Railroad company where he worked in railroad construction. Case Studies Examples in Psychology Research Phineas Gage is a famous example of a case study. This happens in the first and last sentences.
If you are using Gage for LOF - an AMAZING study which scores really well and is relatively easy to write is Raine. Following the accident, Gage was conscious and able to walk and speak. That's what reportedly happened to mild-mannered Phineas Gage after a severe work-related accident left him acting like a completely different person. It is also not easy to know why someone got marked down on an exam as there might be many other reasons for losing marks. Qualitative research methods rely data that is not numerical in nature.
Were Neandertals, who appeared to be surviving well in Europe and the Middle East about 100,000 years ago, able to plan, organize, strategize, and make decisions? The case study aimed to see if and how damage to the frontal lobe may cause behavioural changes. The case of Phineas Gage allowed researchers and psychologists to investigate and study the frontal lobe of the brain. Amazingly, Gage suffered no speech impairments as a result of his accident, and his memory remained intact. IBwanting2survive: I do not know any one that has been marked down because I do not know anyone who actually did IB Psychology. In time, Gage became the most famous patient in the annals of neuroscience, because his case was the first to suggest a link between brain trauma and personality change. His injury served as the first piece to this puzzle and showed the connection between the frontal lobe and the processing of emotions, ability to make decisions, and personality. These observations are then analyzed and coded in order to generate conclusions about the Amish community.
This happened definitely since the sand had already been removed. He was able to communicate by making gestures and writing notes to his wife, but these gestures were difficult for him to make and understand. Being a twenty-six year old, unmarried railroad foreman in Cavendish, Vermont, Phineas Gage should have died when a controlled blast went wrong and a thirteen pound iron rod was shot through his head. Phineas Gage with the iron rod believed to have penetrated his skull The Extent of Phineas Gage's Skull Injury The iron tamping rods that drove through Phineas Gage's skull destroyed a significant portion of his left frontal lobe. For example, when researchers do not know much about a phenomenon, a case study is used to help derive hypotheses that will be used in later research.
Gage's friends stated that his personality had changed and that he was no longer the same person; he became vulgar and aggressive. Case studies are usually written in the form of detailed reports. The doctor cleaned and dressed his wound, replacing fragments of the skull around the exit wound and making sure there were no fragments lodged in the brain by feeling inside Gage's head with his finger - Physically, Gage made a good recovery, but his injury may have had a permanent impact on his mental condition. After Phineas begins to travel around New England, Harlow gathers information about Phineas's condition solely from Phineas's mother. Effects of the Injury to Gage's Brain John Martyn Harlow, the physician who treated Gage after the accident, wrote that ''He is fitful, irreverent, indulging at times in the grossest profanity, which was not previously his custom,''.
He was rushed to the adjacent town of Cavendish for medical treatment, but he died that afternoon. In other words, when something makes us emotional neurons in our prefrontal cortex fire i. While Gage survived the accident with the ability to speak, think, and remember, his personality reportedly changed so much that he became too difficult to work with and he could not hold a steady job or stick to any plan. A long list of words no longer made sense to him, and he found that he could no longer read or write. The case showed that frontal parts of the brain are associated with personality and emotion-these were the Areas that were destroyed in Gage's accident.