Robert k merton biography. Robert K. Merton (1910 2022-10-28
Robert k merton biography Rating:
Robert K. Merton was an American sociologist who made significant contributions to the fields of sociology, criminology, and the philosophy of science. He was born on July 4, 1910 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to a family of Eastern European Jewish immigrants.
Merton received his undergraduate degree in sociology from Temple University in 1932 and went on to earn his PhD from Harvard University in 1936. After completing his education, Merton took a position as a professor at Columbia University, where he would spend the majority of his career.
Merton is perhaps best known for his work on the concept of "unintended consequences," which refers to the unforeseen and often unintended consequences that can arise as a result of human action. This concept has had a significant impact on the fields of sociology and social psychology, and has been applied to a wide range of social phenomena, including the use of drugs, the adoption of new technologies, and the behavior of organizations.
Merton's other major contributions to sociology include his work on the "self-fulfilling prophecy," which refers to the idea that people's expectations of others can shape their behavior and ultimately lead to the fulfillment of those expectations. He also developed the concept of "reference groups," which refers to the groups that individuals use as a basis for evaluating their own attitudes and behaviors.
In addition to his work in sociology, Merton also made significant contributions to the field of criminology. He developed the concept of "anomie," which refers to the breakdown of social norms and values that can lead to deviant behavior. Merton's work on anomie has had a significant influence on the field of criminology and has been applied to the study of crime and deviance in a variety of social contexts.
Throughout his career, Merton received numerous awards and accolades for his contributions to sociology and social science. He was a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and a recipient of the National Medal of Science. Merton died on February 23, 2003, at the age of 92.
In conclusion, Robert K. Merton was a pioneering sociologist who made significant contributions to the fields of sociology, criminology, and the philosophy of science. His work on unintended consequences, self-fulfilling prophecies, and reference groups has had a lasting impact on the social sciences and has helped to shape the way that we think about social phenomena.
Robert K. Merton (1910
Merton was interested in the interactions and importance between social and cultural structures and science. Merton's family lived in straitened circumstances after his father's uninsured dairy-product shop in South Philadelphia burned down. Merton firmly believed that there are some institutions which can perform same functions as other institutions and does not have one specific function. Simpson, he studied with or was profoundly influenced by such thinkers as George Sarton, Pitirim Sorokin, Talcott Parsons, and L. The distinction implied between manifest and latent functions was devised to preclude the unintentional confusion between conscious motivations for our social behavior and its objective consequences. He adopted the name Robert K.
Merton born 1910 was a sociologist, educator, and internationally regarded academic statesman for sociology in contemporary research and social policy. Understanding Society: A Survey of Modern Social Theory. The next birthday of Robert K. Robert King Merton was born on 4 July 1910 in Philadelphia as Meyer Robert Schkolnick into a family of Yiddish-speaking Russian Jews who had immigrated to the United States in 1904. His height was Not known, and weight was Unknown. His father never had a stable job, but Robert said that he did not feel that he lacked anything as a kid. Latent functions are one type of unanticipated consequences; functional for the designated system.
As a student at South Philadelphia High School, he was a frequent visitor to nearby cultural and educational venues, including the Andrew Carnegie Library, the Academy of Music, the Central Library, and the Museum of Arts. Merton, Stephanie Merton Tombrello, Vanessa Merton Robert K. Merton Net Worth, and Salary 2022 What is the Networth of Robert K. So what was the networth of Robert K. Social theory: the multicultural and classic readings. Schkolnick in Philadelphia into a working class Eastern European Jewish Immigrant family. Merton and Carhart separated in 1968, and she died in 1992.
Merton's net worth, wiki, bio, career, height, weight, family, pics, affairs, car, salary, age, and other details in 2022. He was an adjunct faculty member at Rockefeller University, and was also the first Foundation Scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation. Merton initially as a stage name for his magic performances. Studied Socialization Issues Another cardinal issue was socialization, the process of acquiring and sustaining legitimate roles in given social organizations. By the end of his student career in 1938, he had already begun to embark on works that made him renowned in the sociological field, publishing his first major study, Science, Technology, and Society in Seventeenth-Century England, which helped create the sociology of science. According to Merton's perception of functionalism, all standardized social and cultural beliefs and practices are functional for both society as a whole as well as individuals in society. As you are curious to know about Robert K.
There may have wrong or outdated info, if you find so, please let us know by leaving a comment below. He was an inspirational teacher and editor, and with his students, such as Through his theory and research during his many decades as a sociologist, Merton essentially created and sustained what is the modern sociology of science. Manifest and latent functions were devised to prelude the inadvertent confusion between conscious motivations for social behavior and its objective consequences. Personal life In 1934 Merton married Suzanne Carhart, with whom he had one son, In 1993 Merton married his fellow sociologist and collaborator, Harriet Zuckerman. For example, poverty may benefit the rich because they are allowed to maintain more of their wealth, but it certainly does not benefit the poor who struggle.
The latter term provides convenient grammatical variants not available with the earlier terms, i. The claim of universal functionalism argues that all standardized social and cultural structures and forms have a positive function. Theories of the middle range should be firmly supported by empirical data. He says that there are certain things present in society which are advantageous to one and disadvantageous to other. Second, in varying degrees individuals confront differing clues and ambiguities in social demands, and thus humans develop mixed or ambivalent values and motives in their responses to others. According to Merton, unanticipated consequences are actions that have both intended and unintended consequences.
Robert K. Merton Net Worth, Age, Height, Weight, Wife, Wiki
Merton's personal life, life story. Social mechanisms: an analytical approach to social theory Repr. Who was the Girlfriend of Robert K. He was also a member of the American Philosophical Society, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, which awarded him its Parsons Prize, the National Academy of Education, and He received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1962 and was the first sociologist to be named a MacArthur Fellow 1983—1988. Innovators find and create their own ways to obtain what they want, and a majority of the time, these new means are considered to be socially unaccepted and deviant.
Demonstrated Intellectual Flexibility in Spoof After the mid-1960s Merton immersed himself in the sociology of science, the study of major cultural and organizational factors in the work of scientists principally in the physical and biological sciences. Unanticipated consequences and manifest vs latent functions Main page: Some of the crucial innovations that Merton made to sociology include the description of the unanticipated consequences of social action, of latent functions vs. In particular, Columbia provost Bob Merton became the leader of structural-functional analysis in sociology, and the leader of those sociologists who attempted to create social theories that could be empirically tested. Everyone is aware of the intended consequences, but the unintended are more difficult to recognize, and therefore, sociological analysis is required to uncover what they may be. Throughout his illustrious career, he gained international recognition as a sociology expert and wrote more than 50 papers on the topic. Born in Philadelphia on July 5, 1910, Robert Merton was educated at Temple University and received his doctorate from Harvard University in 1936. In 1985 Columbia University honored him with the Doctor of Letters degree.
The Net Worth of Robert K. His collection of essays, On Social Structure and Science, was reprinted in 1996. To deal with these issues, Merton believed that there must be levels of functional analysis. Unanticipated consequences and Manifest and Latent function: When we talk about functions we know what are our intended consequences and probably not aware of our unintended consequences. Innovators find and create their own ways to obtain what they want, and a majority of the time, these new means are considered to be socially unaccepted and deviant.
Social Theory and Social Structure 1968 enlarged ed. The postulate of universal functionalism refers to the idea that all ideals work for everyone in a society. Ritualists continue to subscribe to the means, but they have rejected the overall goal; they are not viewed as deviant. As we do not have all data currently, we keep some fields blank which we will update soon. By the end of his student career in 1938, he had already begun to embark on works that made him renowned in the sociological field, publishing his first major study, Science, Technology, and Society in Seventeenth-Century England, which helped create the sociology of science. For example, poverty may benefit the rich because they are allowed to maintain more of their wealth, but it certainly does not benefit the poor who struggle. Later major works dealt with the sociology of science and the professions: The Student Physician 1957 ; Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations 1973 ; Sociological Ambivalence and Other Essays 1976 ; and Social Research and the Practicing Professions 1982.