A sentence error, also known as a sentence structure error, is a mistake made in the construction of a sentence that affects its grammatical correctness or clarity. There are several types of sentence errors that can occur, and understanding these errors can help you improve your writing skills.
One common type of sentence error is a subject-verb agreement error, which occurs when the verb in a sentence does not agree with the subject in terms of number or person. For example, "The cat eats the mouse" is correct, because the verb "eats" agrees with the singular subject "cat." However, "The cats eat the mouse" is incorrect, because the verb "eat" should be plural to agree with the subject "cats."
Another type of sentence error is a pronoun-antecedent agreement error, which occurs when the pronoun used in a sentence does not agree with the noun or pronoun that it refers to. For example, "She gave her book to him" is correct, because the pronoun "her" refers to the antecedent "she," and the pronoun "him" refers to the antecedent "he." However, "She gave her book to he" is incorrect, because the pronoun "he" should be in the objective case, "him," to agree with the antecedent "he."
A third type of sentence error is a misplaced modifier, which occurs when a modifier (such as an adjective or adverb) is placed too far from the word it is intended to modify, leading to confusion or ambiguity. For example, "The dog, covered in mud, chased the ball" is correct, because the modifier "covered in mud" is placed directly before the noun "dog," clearly indicating that the dog is covered in mud. However, "The ball, chased by the dog covered in mud," is incorrect, because the modifier "covered in mud" is placed too far from the noun "dog," leading to confusion about whether the ball or the dog is covered in mud.
Finally, a fourth type of sentence error is a dangling modifier, which occurs when a modifier is not clearly connected to any noun or pronoun in the sentence. For example, "Walking to the store, the milk was spilled" is incorrect, because the modifier "walking to the store" is not clearly connected to any noun or pronoun in the sentence, leaving the reader to assume that the milk was walking to the store. This can be corrected by revising the sentence to say, "While I was walking to the store, the milk was spilled."
In conclusion, sentence errors can occur in various forms and can have a negative impact on the clarity and grammatical correctness of your writing. By being aware of these errors and actively striving to avoid them, you can improve the quality of your writing and communicate more effectively with your readers.
Grammatical Error: Examples & Corrections
Waiting for the familiar ring, wondering whether she would ever get beyond the agony of waiting. Correct: An idiot approached me and asked if I knew a Colonel Johnson and whether I could direct her to his house. Shift from third person singular person to third person plural they. Correct: A steering committee has been formed to manage the Heritage Project. Related Article: Simple Ways of Increasing Your English Vocabulary Pronoun-reference agreement When using a pronoun to replace a proper noun, pronoun-antecedent agreement mistakes occur.
When it comes to sentence construction, here are the five most common types of errors. Coordinatedversion: It is not a case of ignorance but of sheer stupidity. Coordinatedversion: The apartment not only has an audiovisual room but also has a heated in-door swimming pool. Correct: The children who still show signs of infection are being kept in isolation. Even though most of us learn how to read and write in school, it is still very common for us to make mistakes from time to time. He or she is consistent in person with a person. Typicalerror: Some cash are also missing.
The pronoun refers to the wrong antecedent: Our sun is mostly made up of hydrogen and helium, but the hot temperatures have ionized it into a state called plasma. The subject of the main clause is not consistent with that of the subordinate clause; also whereas the voice in the subordinate clause is active, the voice in the main clause has shifted to the passive voice. Fix 2: My Filipino English tutor is very kind and understanding. Rules for Sentence Fragments A fragment is an incomplete construction which may or may not have a subject and a verb. This addresses the number of good marks rather than their quality. Clear: Field trips are required in several courses, such as botany and geology. Correct: Only the front facades were ornate; the back and sides were unadorned red brick.
Right: They are coming over later. Typicalerror: The director tried to realistically make a film about everyday life in Upper Canada. By following the standard English sentence writing standard, you can convey your will better to your reader. Correct: He fell into a deep meditative state, and his pulse slowed down to practically nothing. Examples of tense shifts Sentence Typicalerror: He picked up his mail and starts to say something, but then leaves without a word.
The absence of the comma indicates the speaker is suggesting to a third party that they eat Grandpa! Typicalerror: Being extremely hot, the glass-blower must be very careful when handling the molten glass. Correct: They eventually found Abe in a crude cabin within a wood on the other side of that ridge. So, first person throughout is more appropriate. Incorrect Many tourists visit Arlington National Cemetery, where veterans and military personnel are buried every day from 9:00 a. A sequence of events can be combined in one sentence. Typicalerror: I feel like a beer after work.
The Five Most Common Types of Sentence Errors (Guest Post) ⋆ Mishael Austin Witty, Author
She is kind and understanding. Parallelism — Structure Errors When two or more parts of a sentence are doing the same thing, they must have matching structures, or parallel structures. Grandfather is almost 80 years old, and he is losing his hair. Example:I was unwilling to testify; however, I did it anyway. Typical error: The city constructed ramps. Example: Incorrect: What are you doing! Review our list of A sentence requires at least a subject and a verb, and sometimes an object. Past tense tells us the event has already happened, as in the sentence: I walked to the store.
The subordinate clause is in the active voice and Olga is the subject. Sentence fragments Make sure each word group you have punctuated as a sentence contains a grammatically complete and independent thought that can stand alone as an acceptable sentence. Example: Fragment: Fell on the tree. Even experts in English speech and writing have the occasional dangling or misplaced modifier in their work. The it in the second sentence makes it clear that family is being treated as a single unit. Primerstyle: You wrote very well.
These Works Were Probably Little Regarded At The Time; But As The Errors Of The Calendar Went On Increasing, And The True Length Of The Year, In Consequence Of The Progress Of Astronomy, Became Better Known, The Project Of A Reformation Was Again Revived In The I 5Th Century; And In 1474 Pope Sixtus Iv. This disagreement creates a dangling clause. . Correct Example: Jamie loves to ride her bike, to swim, and to dance. Correct: The gulf between the haves and have-nots has widened considerably in the last twodecades. Typicalerror: When in Rome, a young man she had only just met proposed to her. They should be rewritten as complete.
Typicalerror: Many people went through the re-habilitation programme. More parks than any other what? Unique is by definition the superlative form. To fix a comma splice, add a conjunction e. The sentence should read, "We enjoy horror movies. The first example is missing all the needed commas.
A writer uses subordination when he or she highlights an independent main clause to express his or her most important idea, and a dependent clause to express a related but less important idea. They can take the form of inflectional morpheme or derivational morpheme. The pronoun can refer to multiple antecedents: Karla told Esther that she needed to declutter her house. A lot of people use the term grammar generally to mean 'all the technical rules of writing. Correct: Mick told his friends and family that he was going to emigrate to Australia. The subject markets is plural, so it requires a plural verb. Correct: Earning a decent living is more difficult these days than it was twenty years ago.