Shklovsky art as technique. Art as Technique 2022-11-17

Shklovsky art as technique Rating: 4,1/10 163 reviews

Victor Shklovsky's concept of "art as technique" suggests that the purpose of art is to create a sense of distance or defamiliarization between the reader or viewer and the work. This distance allows the audience to see the world in a new and unique way, as if they are seeing it for the first time.

Shklovsky's theory is rooted in the idea that we become accustomed to our surroundings and experiences, and as a result, we stop truly seeing and feeling them. This process, which he calls "automation," numbs our senses and prevents us from fully engaging with the world around us. Art, according to Shklovsky, is a way to break this automation and restore our sense of wonder and appreciation for the world.

One way that art achieves this defamiliarization is through the use of literary devices such as metaphors, symbols, and imagery. These techniques help to create a sense of distance between the reader and the text, forcing them to slow down and consider the meaning of the work in a more thoughtful and deliberate way. This process helps to break the reader out of their habitual ways of thinking and allows them to see the world in a new and fresh way.

In addition to its ability to defamiliarize, Shklovsky also believed that art has the power to reveal the underlying structures and patterns of the world. By presenting the world in a new and unexpected way, art can expose the complexities and complexities of the human experience and help us to better understand our place in the world.

In conclusion, Shklovsky's concept of "art as technique" highlights the important role that art plays in helping us to break out of our habitual ways of thinking and see the world in a new and unique way. Through its ability to defamiliarize and reveal the underlying structures of the world, art has the power to enrich and enhance our understanding of the human experience.

ART AS TECHNIQUE BY VIKTOR SHKLOVSKY PDF

shklovsky art as technique

And he began to talk to himself. By this 'algebraic' method of thought we apprehend objects only as shapes with imprecise extensions; we do not see them in their entirety but rather recognize them by their main characteristics. The process of 'algebrization,' the over-automatization of an object, permits the greatest economy of perceptive effort. They offer new, unique ways of looking at things. Books by Victor Shklovsky.

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Foundational texts: Art as Technique (Shklovsky, 1917)

shklovsky art as technique

The French sentry stopped him on the road and ordered him to return. The bear saw this and said to the magpie and the fly, "Holy priests! Shklovsky brings out that there comes a point were perceptions become habitual thus becoming. Ha, ha, ha," he laughed with tears starting in his eyes. Here he refers to things we do in everyday life and that are repetitive. Art's purpose, according to Shklovsky is to impart the sensation of things as they are perceived and not as they are known. We must, then, speak about the laws of expenditure and economy in poetic language not on the basis of an analogy with prose, but on the basis of the laws of poetic language. Images belong to no one; they are "the Lord's.

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Victor Shklovsky: ‘Art as Technique’

shklovsky art as technique

As the musicians started to play the bass horn and counter-bass, a large number of people in black mantles poured onto the stage from right and left. These days with technology and phones you can basically do anything, but none of that really matters to me because I basically just use my phone to communicate with my family back home; hence, this is the important function of the phone to me. A part of this area, lyric poetry narrowly considered , is quite like the visual arts; it is also verbal. Poetic imagery is but one of the devices of poetic language. Thus, for example, all of our habits retreat into the area of the unconsciously automatic; if one remembers the sensations of holding a pen or of speaking in a foreign language for the first time and compares that with his feeling at performing the action for the ten thousandth time, he will agree with us. Have read before but now am able to appreciate it as a work of Art in itself.

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literary theory: "Art as Technique" by Viktor Shklovsky

shklovsky art as technique

By this "algebraic" method of thought we apprehend objects only as shapes with imprecise extensions; we do not see them in their entirety but rather recognize them by their main characteristics. He explained the concept in his 1917 essay Art as Technique also translated as "Art as Device" which comprised the first chapter of his seminal Theory of Prose, first published in 1925. He uses the example that holding a pen for the first time is, of course, much different from holding it for the ten thousandth time. The man in the tight pants finished his song alone; they the girl sang. I found myself at it just now and then, But you fell in with it ever and always.

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Art as a Technique by viktor Shklovsky

shklovsky art as technique

We see the object as though it were enveloped in a sack. As a method it is, depending on its purpose, neither more nor less effective than other poetic techniques; it is neither more nor less effective than ordinary or negative parallelism, comparison, repetition, balanced structure, hyperbole, the commonly accepted rhetorical figures, and all those methods which emphasize the emotional effect of an expression including words or even articulated sounds. Poetry is condensed but with odd juxtapositions of words and "roughened" rhythm and language, the reader is forced to slow down and think more about each word and its associations with the other words and the poem as a whole. The language of poetry is, then, a difficult, roughened, impeded language. He describes an object as if he were seeing it for the first time, an event as if it were happening for the first time. These descriptions are too long to quote; it would be necessary to extract a considerable part of the four-volume novel. This characteristic of thought not only suggests the method of algebra, but even prompts the choice of symbols letters, especially initial letters.

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Defamiliarization

shklovsky art as technique

This object, according to Viktor Shklovsky, is not important because its merely just the work of art; but the work of art can be meaningless if there is no one to interpret its meaning for themselves. Such constructions as "the pestle and the mortar," or "Old Nick and the infernal regions" Decameron are also examples of the technique of defamiliarization. Three times they struck on something metallic behind the side scenes, and everyone got down on his knees and began to chant a prayer. In the Formalist vein, the miracle here is in the ride, not the destination. Formalisms Notes 1 Novejsaja m s k a j a poezija. The more you understand an age, the more convinced you become that the images a given poet used and which you thought his own were taken almost unchanged from another poet. For example, in "Shame" Tolstoy 'defamiliarizes' the idea of flogging in this way: "to strip people who have broken the law, to hurl them to the floor, and to rap on their bottoms with switches," and, after a few lines, "to lash about on the naked buttocks.

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Art as Technique

shklovsky art as technique

Tolstoy makes the familiar seem strange by not naming the familiar object. Me - me - my immortal soul. Then again, the coachman, the veterinarians, and the outsiders in general treated me kindly, yet those who called me their own did not. For example, in To the Lighthouse, Mrs. And the whole relationship between them is that the so-called "owners" treat the others unjustly.

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In his essay "Art as Technique," Viktor Shklovsky tries to highlight the concept of Defamiliarization. Explain with examples and also try to give the...

shklovsky art as technique

If, however, no one was looking, or looking on unconsciously, if the whole complex lives of many people go on unconsciously, then such lives are as if they had never been. The law of the economy of creative effort is also generally accepted. More information on Shklovsky's theories of defamiliarization available Disruption, discontinuity, juxtaposition— these notions of artistic and literary deformation underlie much of the avant-garde project. I liked how you linked the ideas using a "cellphone," so to speak, and it made me think "Cynthia is using "the cellphone" in another way and not in the conventional way! And thus he admitted an enormous area of art which is not a mode of thought. Shklovsky contends that art combats this tedium. Thus a work may be 1 intended as prosaic and accepted as poetic, or 2 intended as poetic and accepted as prosaic.

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Shklovsky "Art as Technique"

shklovsky art as technique

I am now convinced that this is the essential difference between people and ourselves. Several times all of this activity was interrupted by enthusiastic shouts from the spectators. Many of those, for instance, who called me their own never rode on me although others did. Hence they do not distinguish properly between the laws of practical language and the laws of poetic language. Thus literary language is ordinary language deformed and made strange. The rhythm of prose, or of a work song like "Dubinushka," permits the members of the work crew to do their necessary "groaning together" and also eases the work by making it automatic. Complete words are not expressed in rapid speech; their initial sounds are barely perceived.

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Art as Technique by Victor Shklovsky

shklovsky art as technique

There are people who call others their own, yet never see them. Literature, by forcing us into a dramatic awareness of language, refreshes our habitual perceptions and renders objects more perceptible. Either objects are assigned only one proper feature - a number, for example - or else they function as though by formula and do not even appear in cognition: I was cleaning and, meandering about, approached the divan and couldn't remember whether or not I had dusted it. If we start to examine the general laws of perception, we see that as perception becomes habitual, it becomes automatic. As I started reading this article, the concept that stood out to me the most and in an immediate way, was this concept of the "algebraic" method. These ideas about the economy of energy, as well as about the law and aim of creativity, are perhaps true in their application to 'practical' language: they were, however, extended to poetic language.

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