Speech and oral communication ppt. Types of Speech Context (ORAL COMMUNICATION 2022-11-15
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Speech and oral communication are essential skills that allow us to effectively communicate with others and convey our thoughts, ideas, and feelings. Whether it is through formal presentations, casual conversations, or public speaking, the ability to express ourselves clearly and effectively is crucial for success in both personal and professional settings.
Effective oral communication involves not only the words we choose to speak, but also our nonverbal cues, such as body language, facial expressions, and tone of voice. These nonverbal cues can often convey more meaning than the words themselves and play a crucial role in how our message is received by the listener.
To be an effective speaker, it is important to have a clear and well-organized message, to use appropriate language and vocabulary, and to practice good delivery skills. This includes speaking at a pace that is easy to follow, using appropriate volume and tone, and using gestures and facial expressions to emphasize points and convey emotion.
Additionally, effective listeners are just as important as effective speakers. Active listening involves paying attention to the speaker, maintaining eye contact, and providing verbal and nonverbal feedback to show that you are engaged and understanding the message. It also involves asking clarifying questions and withholding judgment until the speaker has finished speaking.
PowerPoint presentations can be a useful tool for enhancing speech and oral communication, as they allow the speaker to visually support their message with slides, images, and other media. However, it is important to remember that the presentation is only a supplement to the speaker's message, and should not be relied upon to carry the entire conversation.
Overall, speech and oral communication are important skills that we use every day to interact with others and convey our thoughts and ideas. Whether it is through formal presentations or casual conversations, being an effective speaker and listener is crucial for success in both personal and professional settings.
Oral Presentation and Powerpoint
METHODS OF SPEECH DELIVERY Memorized Speaking Guidelines 1. SOUND The impact of vibrations make on the human ear the reception of sound waves Psychologist and speech teachers Sound is characterized by three features: pitch, loudness, and quality Human speech adds a fourth feature rate or timing. For example: I hit myself. CONSONANTS The sounds of all languages fall into two classes: consonants and vowels. Some audience members might try to draw the attention to themselves, or focus on a mistake or uncertainty in your presentation, or even undermine your authority directly with an intimidating challenge.
Use images in particular when presenting data, demonstrating trends, simplifying complex issues, and visualizing abstractions. They are always followed directly by a vowel and do not occur at the end of words. Consider your audience 2. Maintain a steady pressure of air as you speak. Also, know how much the audience knows about the topic. Type your manuscript in short, easy-to- scan phrases 2.
COMM_110_ Introduction To Oral Communication Wk 2 Discussion
RULES ON WORD STRESS 8. Memorization requires you to spend a lot of time memorizing your whole speech but has the downside of the speaker possibly forgetting mid speech what comes next. Which talk would you rather attend: "Specific Geometrical Objects with Fractional Dimensions and Their Various Applications to Nature in General and The Universe At Large as we Know it" or "And On The Eighth Day, God Created Fractals"? CONSULTATIVE CONVERSATION EXAMPLES: regular classroom discussions, doctor-patient, teacher-student, expert-apprentice FORMAL SPEECH STYLE This type uses formal words and expressions and this are prepared in advance and follow strict rules in word choice and content. How high or low in the mouth is the tongue? Most appropriately used for meetings about new processes at work. Startle the audience with an arresting or intriguing statement. Use appropriate nonverbal messages 3. Check pronunciation of ambiguous words beforehand to be certain.
TYPES OF SPECIAL OCCASION SPEECHES Speech of Introduction A speech of introduction is a brief presentation used to introduce the main speaker of an event and to inspire the audience to listen to that speaker. Modulate sound waves Articulators Lips, teeth, tongue, upper gums, lower jaw, hard palate, and ovula. Out of utter boredom during a rotten speech a few years ago, I counted the number of times the speaker a professor used the word "basically" as an empty transition—44 times in just five minutes. Clearly, no one overcomes such fear overnight, and no one set of tips can transmogrify you into a polished speaker. These sounds do not ordinarily occur in English. Numbers If the number is a multiple of ten, the stress is placed on the first syllable. This allows you to gauge audience reaction and pick and choose your words as you go.
Passive or Attentive Listening Interested in hearing and understanding others stance. Slow speech projects calmness, acceptance, and formality. It is very important that you know who will listen to you their age, educational background, religion, economic status, interest and even their gender. Keep slides as simple and uncluttered as possible, and if the information must be complex, prioritize it for your audience as you present it e. One savvy way to handle questions is to turn back to your presentation slides as you answer them—call up a slide that will help repeat or explain the relevant point—and this will remind your audience that your talk had substance. Know when to quit using active listening.
Preparing a Speech or Oral Report Some students and professionals do not like the idea of speaking in public, whether in front of small or large groups. COMMUNICATION DEFINED A process by which we assign and convey meaning in an attempt to create shared understanding. They forget the fundamentals of oral presentation, and thus whatever polish they have quickly loses its luster. RULES ON WORD STRESS C. The speaker might use additional visual channels such as slides or a Power Point presentation.
If you are confused and know that you do not understand , ask the speaker to say it another way. METHODS OF SPEECH DELIVERY Manuscript Speaking Rarely done well enough to be interesting Guidelines 1. In phrasal verbs, the second word gets the stress the preposition. RULES ON WORD STRESS 6. RATE OF SPEECH It refers to the variations of speed.
Examples: SAM-ples CAR-ton Col-or-ful RAI-ny 2. Too fast suggests nervousness, tension, and anxiety. Examples: my-SELF Them-SELVES Our-SELVES 15. Make sure the color for both the background and text are highly readable, especially under less than optimal lighting conditions. This draws the audience in immediately. TYPES OF SPECIAL OCCASION SPEECHES Presentational Speech Also called a speech to present an award, the presentational speech serves to highlight the merits of the award recipient and to point out the purpose and significance of the award being given.