The crito. External Meaning Of The Crito, By Plato 2022-11-17
The crito Rating:
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Crito by Plato Plot Summary
And there would be no difficulty in arguing that Socrates should have lived and preferred to a glorious death the good which he might still be able to perform. Nor can I think that you are at all justified, Socrates, in betraying your own life when you might be saved; in acting thus you are playing into the hands of your enemies, who are hurrying on your destruction. The failure here is not epistemic but lies in many of the jury having neglected their duty. But you have not told me why you come at this early hour. While practicing and teaching philosophy, Plato wrote an extensive series of philosophical dialogues featuring his old teacher, Socrates. Thus, Socrates convinces Crito that it would be better not to attempt an escape. Concluding to the fact that Socrates cannot escape, he must stay in Athens to obey his obligations as a citizen of Athens.
We endeavour to interview cohorts of students as they complete our 12-week modules. Similarly, the conditions of agreement in the argument from just agreements are to be understood only through his personal story. In a badly governed city, on the other hand, he would be forced to spend the rest of his days surrounded by political chaos. For men will love you in other places to which you may go, and not in Athens only; there are friends of mine in Thessaly, if you like to go to them, who will value and protect you, and no Thessalian will give you any trouble. Apology — which was the younger work — Plato essentially reported what Socrates had said without much embellishment, but when writing Crito, he had given his thoughts on the matter through the mask of Socrates. He must be guided by reason, although her conclusions may be fatal to him.
Of all Athenians you have been the most constant resident in the city, which, as you never leave, you may be supposed to love compare Phaedr. The text is one of the few Platonic dialogues that appear to be unaffected by Plato's opinions on the matter; it is dated to have been written around the same time as the Apology. His imaginative description of his situation, including the personification of the Laws, is an exercise of his moral creativity, his artistry. But I would have you consider, Crito, whether you really mean what you are saying. However, his formulation allows for various views on the role of moral principles within the particularist camp, some of which may be more aptly described as a form of generalism. In this reading, readers are invited to reconstruct such arguments from the text.
Personal and Objective Ethics: How to Read the Crito
We can easily imagine that a public advocate claims that citizens must accept every verdict, including the ones they consider misguided. You had your choice, and might have gone either to Lacedaemon or Crete, both which states are often praised by you for their good government, or to some other Hellenic or foreign state. But why, my dear Crito, should we care about the opinion Cr. The problem of the trial consists not just in the jury failing to render a correct verdict, but many of them fail to investigate the truth of the charge, which is their duty Apology, 18a, 38c—39b. Through the ensuing dialogue, Socrates examines, as a man who is bound by principles of justice, whether an unjust verdict should be responded to with injustice. According to the Laws, if Socrates had accepted Crito's offer, he would have exposed his accomplices to the risk of fleeing or losing their assets.
The first principle asserts that one must not do harm to others, even when one is harmed. Second, Socrates sets these general considerations aside. Whereas you, above all other Athenians, seemed to be so fond of the state, or, in other words, of us her laws and who would care about a state which has no laws? Crito, who is a disinterested person not having the fear of death before his eyes, shall answer this for him. I have always thought you to be of a happy disposition; but never did I see anything like the easy, tranquil manner in which you bear this calamity. This idea is not fully clear, but it indicates the denial of the view that every moral thought must be backed up by some general moral principles. Socrates argues that the city of Athens would be affected if he escapes from prison. No man should bring children into the world who is unwilling to persevere to the end in their nurture and education.
We cannot see why his fulfilling those conditions yields the strict duty for respect or strict agreement that prohibits him from escaping when he is seriously wronged. He also points out that when one takes on the responsibility of having children, it is immoral to abandon that duty. Footnote 4 The next issue, then, is to determine the most persuasive version of the generalist interpretation. The only question at hand is whether or not it would be just for Socrates to attempt an escape. The remainder of the paper is structured as follows: In the next two sections, I formulate the most adequate form of the generalist interpretation and argue that, even at its best, serious problems remain. After hearing Crito's arguments, Socrates asks to be allowed to respond with a discussion of related, open-ended issues, to which Crito may not respond.
And what of doing evil in return for evil, which is Cr. In 399, Socrates was brought before a jury of around 500 Athenians on charges of not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, of inventing new deities, and of corrupting the youth of Athens. The fact that he had been neutral in the death-struggle of Athens was not likely to conciliate popular good-will. The problem is that, whatever the conditions extracted from the Crito's text, we cannot understand why the content of the agreement is so strict given our understanding of the notion of agreement in the normal way. For so I have ever thought, and continue to think; but, if you are of another opinion, let me hear what you have to say. Footnote 16 The bond between Socrates and the city and the Laws is not just between Socrates qua a citizen and them, but between Socrates qua the philosopher for Athens and them, which relationship is more worthy of respect than that between Socrates and his parents.
He endorses laws concerning his birth, nurture, and education, thereby approving his special bond with the city Crito, 50d—50e. Socrates was a man of the law and had been since he was taught to obey the laws of Athens. Crito By Plato Written 360 B. Were not the laws, which have the charge of education, right in commanding your father to train you in music and gymnastic? As for the facts to which principles are applied, apart from epistemic problems, there is no philosophical problem. Will you, O professor of true virtue, pretend that you are justified in this? Or, in spite of the opinion of the many, and in spite of consequences whether better or worse, shall we insist on the truth of what was then said, that injustice is always an evil and dishonour to him who acts unjustly? Next, I offer my own interpretation, inspired by Diamond, and demonstrate how such an approach avoids the problems posed by the generalist interpretation.
Is it the bearer of moral properties? Furthermore, if he dies in Athens, his friends will take care of his family; if he dies abroad, he cannot vouch for them. The debate took place in jail where Socrates was waiting for his execution. And that which has been destroyed is—the body? The state's demand for loyalty was a Crito. Socrates uses all of these points to support his main argument which is that escaping jail would be morally incorrect. As the city sought to restore stability, the populace was particularly sensitive to threats, and major public figures with ambiguous politics, like Socrates, were in an especially precarious position.