The spread of chinese civilization japan korea and vietnam. APWH U3: Chapter 13: The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam Flashcards 2022-10-27
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The spread of Chinese civilization to Japan, Korea, and Vietnam had a profound impact on the cultural, political, and economic development of these countries. Chinese culture and influence can still be seen in these countries today, in the forms of language, art, religion, and government.
One of the key ways in which Chinese civilization spread to these countries was through the Silk Road, an ancient network of trade routes that connected China to the Mediterranean. Along the Silk Road, traders and travelers brought goods, ideas, and religions, including Buddhism and Confucianism, to the countries of East Asia.
In Japan, Chinese influence can be seen in the adoption of the Chinese writing system, which became the basis for the Japanese writing system. Chinese literature, art, and architecture also influenced Japanese culture, and the Chinese political system served as a model for the Japanese government.
In Korea, Chinese influence was also evident in the adoption of the Chinese writing system and the adoption of Confucianism as the dominant philosophy. Chinese culture also influenced Korean art, architecture, and the Korean political system.
In Vietnam, Chinese influence was perhaps the most significant. The Chinese occupied Vietnam for over a thousand years, and during this time, Chinese culture and political systems were imposed on the Vietnamese people. The Chinese writing system was adopted, and Confucianism became the dominant ideology.
Despite the cultural and political influence of China, these countries were able to develop their own unique identities. Japan, Korea, and Vietnam all have distinct cultures and traditions that have been shaped by their own histories and the influences of other civilizations.
In conclusion, the spread of Chinese civilization to Japan, Korea, and Vietnam had a significant impact on the development of these countries. Chinese culture, religion, and political systems influenced the development of these societies, and these influences can still be seen today. However, these countries were also able to maintain their own unique identities despite the strong influence of China.
The Spread of Chinese Civilization Japan, Korea, and Vietnam
Cooperation between aristocrats and Buddhists was helped by secret texts and ceremonies of esoteric Buddhism, techniques to gain salvation through prayer and meditation. Warfare became more scientific, while the presence of large numbers of armed peasants in daimyo armies added to the misery of the common people. The court established strict rules of social conduct and a hierarchy of status that defined social relationships. Local rulers invested in irrigation systems, attempted to recruit new supplies of labor, fostered commercial production, and introduced merchants into local communities. What was the system of subordination to China practiced by each country called? At the court, women were expected to be as cultured as men; they were involved in palace intrigues and power struggles. The bushi created their own mounted and armed forces samurai.
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Common elements of Chinese culture — writing, bureaucratic organization, religion, art — passed to each new civilization. Their combat became man-to-man duels between champions. Korea: Between China and Japan Introduction Chinese culture influenced Korea more heavily than any other region, even though indigenous dynasties continued to rule the peninsula for much of the postclassic period. E, they were acquiring sedentary farming and metalworking techniques from China. Most women, however, lost status during the daimyo period.
THE SPREAD OF CHINESE CIVILIZATION JAPAN KOREA AND
Overtime, the influence of Buddhism expanded for several more centuries. Intellectuals and aristocrats absorbed Chinese influences. Of the three regions, Japan is the least affected by internal Chinese developments; it never was part of the Chinese empire and was able to accept or reject Chinese influences. The Decline of Imperial Power The pleasure-loving emperor lost control of policy to aristocratic court families. When the emperor refused to recognize the new regime, he was driven from Kyoto; with the support of warlords, he and his heirs fought against the Ashikaga and their puppet emperors. Most government positions, however, were determined by birth and family connections.
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Treated as property of the warrior class, peasants turned to salvationist strains of Buddhism notably the Pure Lands sect. Painting, architecture, and garden design, in particular, were important in daimyo society. China was able to establish direct control over Korea. It is called the Taika reforms, where Japanese aimed completely at revamping the imperial administration along chinese lines. The aristocracy returned to Japanese traditions; the peasantry reworked Buddhism into a Japanese creed.
APWH U3: Chapter 13: The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam Flashcards
Despite the interest in imitating all things Chinese, the Korean elite preferred Buddhism to Confucianism. To the north and west of China, nomadic people and Tibet were also influenced. Spread of Chinese Civilization The texts are the property of their respective authors and we thank them for giving us the opportunity to share for free to students, teachers and users of the Web their texts will used only for illustrative educational and scientific purposes only. He severely weakened the military government by eliminating any potential threats to his rule even from among his own family. The shared feudal past may have assisted their successful industrial development and shaped their capacity for running capitalist economies. Civilization for the Few Sinification was largely limited in Korea to the elite, who monopolized most political offices and dominated social life.
The Spread Of Chinese Civilization Japan Korea and
Crisis at Nara and the Shift to Heian Kyoto. Koryo Collapse, Dynastic Renewal The burdens imposed by the aristocracy upon commoners and the low born caused periodic revolts. The elite in Heian lived in a complex of palaces and gardens. The Vietnamese administrators were never as powerful as their Chinese counterparts, because their power did not extend effectively to the village level. The rising led by the Trung sisters in 39 C.
From the 11 th century, court families, in conjunction with bushi allies, split the court with open rivalry. Which area featured in this chapter was never conquered by China? Vietnamese dynasties after 980 continued to imitate the Chinese bureaucracy, examination system, and the scholar-gentry. Commercial and artisan classes would later participate in creation of a national economy. The following centuries saw a complex system with titular emperors and Minamoto shoguns, real power being wielded by the Hojo family. The Viets were part of Southeast Asian culture. A few women were given new opportunities, but most were treated as "defenseless appendages.
They lived in a complex of palaces and gardens; the basis of life was the pursuit of esthetic enjoyment and the avoidance of common, distasteful elements of life. The Era of Warrior Dominance By the eleventh and twelfth centuries, provincial families dominated the declining imperial court. Buddhism was key element in the transfer. Poetry was a valued art form, and the Japanese simplified the script taken from the Chinese to facilitate expression. Together with Buddhist monasteries, also estate owners, they whittled down imperial authority.
Free Essay: The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Korea, Japan and Vietnam
Opposition to the reforms came from aristocratic families and from Buddhist monks. IN the fourteenth century, a Minamoto leaders, Ashikaga Takuaji, overthrew the Kamakura regime and established the Ashikaga shogunate. The lower ranks of Korean society existed to serve the elite. By the ninth century, the Fujiwara dominated the administration and married into the imperial family. The Era of Warrior Dominance Introduction As the power of the bushi grew, even the court aristocracy depended on alliances with powerful samurai to remain in power.
APWH Chapter 13 : The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam Flashcards
Korea: Between China and Japan Korea, because of it proximity to China, was more profoundly influenced over a longer period than any other state. As Chinese control of Korea weakened, the indigenous Koguryo established an independent kingdom in the northern part of the peninsula. Nonetheless, all three civilizations received and copied aspects of China, including thought patterns, modes of social organization, and government and bureaucratic organization. The Vietnamese Drive to the South Vietnam continued to enjoy advantages over other rivals in Indochina. There they became immersed in Chinese culture, including Confucianism.