Touchstone method in the study of poetry. What is Matthew Arnold's touchstone method of criticism? 2022-10-27

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The touchstone method is a critical approach to the study of poetry that involves comparing a poem under analysis to a "touchstone" poem or set of poems in order to evaluate its qualities and characteristics. This method is often used to assess the originality and merit of a poem, as well as to understand its place within the larger tradition of poetry.

One of the key features of the touchstone method is its reliance on comparison and contrast. By comparing a poem to a touchstone poem or set of poems, a critic can identify the similarities and differences between the two works and use this information to draw conclusions about the poem under analysis. For example, a critic might compare a contemporary poem to a classic work of literature in order to assess the ways in which the contemporary poem builds upon or departs from the traditions of the past.

Another key aspect of the touchstone method is its emphasis on context. When using this approach, a critic will often consider the historical, cultural, and personal context in which a poem was written in order to better understand its meanings and implications. This can include considering the poet's background, the literary movements and trends of the time, and the social and political context in which the poem was created.

The touchstone method can be a useful tool for analyzing poetry because it allows critics to situate a poem within a broader literary tradition and consider its place within the larger context of poetry as a whole. By comparing a poem to touchstone works, critics can gain a deeper understanding of the ways in which it engages with and contributes to the literary canon.

However, it is important to note that the touchstone method is just one approach to the study of poetry, and it should not be the only method used in critical analysis. Other approaches, such as close reading and formal analysis, can also be useful in understanding a poem's meanings and significance. Ultimately, the most effective way to study poetry is to use a combination of different critical approaches and to consider a wide range of factors, including the poem's form, structure, language, and historical and cultural context.

‘The Study of Poetry’ Summary

touchstone method in the study of poetry

The same thing can be said about William Wordsworth. Aristotle assigns excellent and high seriousness as one of the grand virtues of poetry. It was the first essay of 1888 volume. If he were to have chosen poets or writers from other countries, the method would have been much broader in its scope and might have found different results. This definition of poetic truth asserts that poets never tell lies; that means there is no place for charlatanism in poetry and the message of poetry will last for generation after generation. Touchstone is a stone on which gold is rubbed to test its quality.

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The Study of Poetry Summary and Analysis

touchstone method in the study of poetry

The historic estimate, the personal estimate and the real estimate. If critics are incapable of differentiating between objectively good and bad literature, then literature itself is in danger of losing its real value, which is the main reason why Arnold came up with the touchstone method. He created an entirely new poetic style. He is considered to be the father of Modern Criticism. In a metaphorical usage A rnold says that the great masters of the past are suitable touchstones to test the quality of the poems of the coming generations.

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All About Literature: Touchstone Method. Matthew Arnold

touchstone method in the study of poetry

From Hamlet V, ii 'Absent thee from felicity awhile. The Study of Poetry Summary and Analysis Now Arnold talks about the judgment of poetry for the purpose of fixing classic and non-classic poets through his inventive and scientific touchstone method. Introduction: Matthew Arnold 1822-1888 was a critical poet of the Victorian Period. The Real Estimate: It is the ideal way of estimating poetry mentioned by Arnold. Then in the study of poetry, Matthew Arnold discusses the three ways of estimating poetry. Even Shakespeare thinks too much for expression and little conception which is a slight flaw of Shakespeare but he is classic in accordance with Arnold. Besides the contemporary presentation of poetic writing is also neglected by the touch-stone method.

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English Literature: Touchstone Method: Arnold

touchstone method in the study of poetry

Whether there were repeated words refrain , or similies, figure of speech, rhetorical questions etc 2 The name of the poem 3 Language--here you look at the language used and if he introduced any other words, sacarsm or irony, imagery etc 4 Persona and characters. If the other work moves us in the same way as these lines and expressions do, then it is really a great job, otherwise not. He selects phrases or sentences that are excellent in diction and style, but exclusively lines from Milton. Through this exercise, he believed that young poets could learn from the successes and failures of others so that they too could become great poets. Homer, Dante, Shakespeare, and Milton have been given the prestige of classical poets because their poetry deserves the universal criticism of life and high seriousness. This question can come to our mind how do we differentiate between good and bad literary pieces. The book was very successful and had several editions printed over the years.

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What is Matthew Arnold's touchstone method of criticism?

touchstone method in the study of poetry

Thus, he would examine their strengths and weaknesses, the circumstances of their lives, and so forth before coming to a conclusion about the quality of his own writing. He takes eleven lines three from Homer, three from Dante, three from Milton, and two from Shakespeare which, according to him, ought to be used as touchstones to test the new poems. To correctly assess a poet's work, a critic should compare it to sections picked from the works of great masters of poetry, and these passages should be used as touchstones to other poems, according to this procedure. Dryden has been considered to be the puissant গৌরবময় and glorious founder of prose writing and Pope is the priest of prose composition. . His last edition appeared in 1909. Dante of Medieval period was an ideal poet to him.

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Touchstone Method by Matthew Arnold

touchstone method in the study of poetry

Then, he judges Thomas Gray as a classic poet because of his poetic value. At first, Matthew Arnold raise the worth of poetry upon science, religion and philosophy. There are a number of disagreements as to the method. According to Arnold, Homer, Sophocles, Dante, Milton, Goethe, and Wordsworth are the ideal poets. This way, he hoped to find which writers were able to achieve greatness while writing in the English language. Overall, they are the classics of prose, not poetry.

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What is Touchstone method in Matthew Arnold's The Study of Poetry?

touchstone method in the study of poetry

In this method, a reader, in order to understand the quality of the literary pieces, should take up works of great writers which are considered to be masterpieces. He emphasizes that a single line of poets can make them classic if there is criticism of life and high seriousness that means grand style. For example, someone might quote Shakespeare but not Arnold also restricts himself to American writers, which again limits the method's effectiveness. He wrote this essay at a time when different critics were talking against literature. Arnold's ideal poets are Homer and Sophocles in the ancient world, Dante and Milton, and among moderns, Goethe and Wordsworth.

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What Is the Touchstone Method in Literature?

touchstone method in the study of poetry

Further, Arnold mention Robert Burns and says his Scottish poems were engulfed with poetic value but his English poetry had shortage of high seriousness. Actually, Arnold means to say that Chaucer, Dryden, Pope, and Shelley are genii but not classics. He also traces John Dryden and Alexander Pope as classics of prose but not of poem. Furthermore, the method relies on the accuracy of the quotations cited by Arnold. To find which poetry is the best, Arnold suggests a method known as touchstone method. Personal and historical estimates without the presence of real estimate create overrate and exaggeration অতিরিক্ত এবং অতিরঁজন.

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