What is diffusion in history. 1.2 A Brief History of Diffusion Science 2022-10-28
What is diffusion in history Rating:
Diffusion in history refers to the spread of ideas, practices, technologies, and other cultural elements from one society or culture to another. This process has played a significant role in shaping the development of human civilization, as it has allowed for the exchange of knowledge and cultural practices between different societies and helped to foster innovation and progress.
One of the earliest examples of diffusion in history can be traced back to the spread of agriculture, which allowed for the development of early civilizations. The earliest known agricultural practices were developed in the Near East around 9,000 years ago, and from there, they spread to other parts of the world through trade, migration, and colonization. This diffusion of agriculture led to the development of complex societies and the rise of civilizations in places like ancient Egypt, China, and Mesoamerica.
Throughout history, diffusion has also played a key role in the spread of religions, languages, and other cultural practices. The spread of Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam, for example, can all be traced back to the process of diffusion, as these religions spread through trade, conquest, and missionary work. Similarly, the spread of languages like English, Spanish, and French can be attributed to the process of diffusion, as these languages were spread through colonialism and the expansion of empires.
In more recent history, diffusion has continued to shape the development of human civilization. The Industrial Revolution, for example, was fueled by the diffusion of new technologies and ideas, as advances in transportation and communication allowed for the rapid spread of information and the exchange of goods and ideas between different parts of the world. The process of globalization, which has accelerated in the modern era, can also be seen as a form of diffusion, as it has led to the spread of ideas, practices, and technologies on a global scale.
Overall, diffusion has played a crucial role in the development of human civilization, as it has allowed for the exchange of ideas, practices, and technologies between different societies and cultures. It has helped to foster innovation and progress, and it continues to shape the world we live in today.
Hierarchical diffusion starts with a hierarchy of people and then spreads to people lower in the hierarchy. Fliegel, Frederick 1993 Diffusion Research in Rural Sociology. Every culture has a different set of beliefs, cuisines, and customs. There are several forms of this type of diffusion: contagious, hierarchical, and stimulus diffusion. Because there was constant interaction between different cultures for trade, direct cultural diffusion occurred. Folk culture is stable through time, while pop culture is influenced by people or bought in large numbers regardless of society or location. Every culture has cultural elements which are the beliefs, knowledge, and daily practices of that culture.
Carlson, Richard 1965 Adoption of Educational Innovations. The word culture, which in turn comes from the Latin cultūra, which means to cultivate. In In net movement of oxygen molecules down the concentration gradient. Immigration from united states to united states, metropolis to metropolis, etc. Hierarchical Diffusion Hierarchical diffusion is a form of diffusion where the cultural element spreads from a specific group within society to another. Folk and Pop Cultures Folk culture refers to a specific culture of a particular group of people within an exact geographic location.
Diffusion of Innovation: Theory, History & Examples
If someone travels to another part of the world and enters a fast-food chain from his or her own culture, they might find different menu items than in the country that the traveler is from. Also, if it weren't for cultural diffusion, that same woman wouldn't be able to enjoy sushi night every Thursday evening with her friends! The idea or technology is old news by this point. This circumstance was a function of a variety of forces, principal among which were the location of rural sociologists in land grant institutions charged with the dissemination of agricultural innovations to farmers Hightower 1972 and the communication and stimulation accorded by the North Central Rural Sociology Committee's a regional professional society formation of a special subcommittee to deal with the issue of diffusion of agricultural innovations Valente and Rogers 1995, p. Lindell, Michael, and Ronald Perry 1992 Behavioral Foundations of Community Emergency Planning. If every person in a society makes the individual decision to adopt an innovation, we call that a collective innovation-decision. Water passing through a semi-permeable membrane by osmosis into a region of higher sugar concentration.
Relocation diffusion often results in one of two things: assimilation or integration. Rogers, Everett 1962, 1995 Diffusion of Innovations. Some argue that the real, original Harlem Shake dance is now more well-known due to the overall publicity of the videos and everything related to the name. Think about what defines your culture. Two subsets of direct diffusion are forced diffusion and indirect diffusion. As the twentieth century began, diffusion arose as an alternative to evolution as a basis for understanding cultural differences and change. There is also forced cultural diffusion where a group is conquered and the subjugated people are forced to accept the views of those that conquered them.
Indeed, the replications that these studies represent substantially facilitated the later sophisticated theoretical work initiated in the early 1960s Rogers 1962 , and continued in the 1980s Rogers 1983, 1988. } Main article: When the density of electrons in solids is not in equilibrium, diffusion of electrons occurs. Another major contribution came from the area of Beginning in the late 1960s, there was a substantial increase in the amount of diffusion research in three disciplines: business marketing, communication, and transportation-technology transfer. And once they've adopted an innovation, it goes to the early majority, the first major segment of a population to adopt an innovation. Some examples of this were Nestorian Christianity and Buddism. Diffusion refers to the dissemination of any physical element, idea, value, social practice, or attitude through and between populations. Gone Viral If you've spent some time online, you've probably run into Internet memes.
Thanks to the Silk Road, art, ideas, inventions, and religion diffused amongst various countries and cultures. Lesson Summary From viral videos, to enclaves of other cultures such as Little Italy, culture is diffused through society using many different methods. Think of how information about a major event, Osama bin Laden's death, spread from the highest levels of government to eventually get shared with the public. If one region didn't have the climate to produce one crop, another did, and those goods were diffused across countries and nations. Acceptance can be a long process that either occurs through individuals deciding collectively, called the collective innovation-decision, or from people in power - an authority innovation-decision.
In the Einstein—Teorell approach, if for the finite force the concentration tends to zero then the flux also tends to zero, whereas the Onsager equations violate this simple and physically obvious rule. Contagious Diffusion Contagious diffusion is a type of diffusion where the cultural element spreads from the source often a single person to other people. Cultural diffusion is the spread of cultural trends across locations and involves both expansion diffusion and relocation diffusion. Diffusion is among the rare concepts used across the physical, natural, and social sciences, as well as in the arts. Relocation Diffusion Relocation diffusion is a type of cultural diffusion where cultural ideas spread due to the relocation of individuals from a particular culture to an area containing individuals from a different culture.
Cultural Diffusion: Definition, Expansion & Popular Cultures
During the final stage of confirmation, decision makers assess an adopted innovation, gather information from significant others, and choose to continue to use the innovation as is, modify it reinvention , or reject it. Marketing research principally addressed the characteristics of adopters of new products and the role of opinion leaders in the adoption process Howes 1996. The theory of innovation diffusion may be understood as capturing the innovation-decision process, innovation characteristics, adopter characteristics, and opinion leadership. A common criticism of the studies of this era is that many of the studies seem to be almost replications of the Ryan and Gross work, the main difference among them being the specific innovation studied. Cultural diffusion or cultural blending refers to the merging of different aspects of different cultures or the spread of one culture's norms to a different culture. Under normal conditions, molecular diffusion dominates only at lengths in the nanometre-to-millimetre range. Finally, cultures with a history of past borrowing are more likely to borrow in the future.