Which of the following is released during cellular respiration. Biology chapter 9 Flashcards 2022-10-27
Which of the following is released during cellular respiration Rating:
Cellular respiration is the process by which cells in the body produce energy in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). This process occurs in the mitochondria, the powerhouses of the cell, and involves a series of chemical reactions that convert glucose (a simple sugar) into ATP. During cellular respiration, several substances are released as byproducts, including water, carbon dioxide, and heat.
One of the substances released during cellular respiration is water. Water is produced as a byproduct of the breakdown of glucose during the process of glycolysis, which is the first step of cellular respiration. During glycolysis, glucose is broken down into two molecules of pyruvate, releasing energy and producing two molecules of ATP in the process. The pyruvate molecules are then further broken down in the mitochondria, releasing more energy and producing more ATP. As part of this process, water is produced as a byproduct of the breakdown of glucose and pyruvate.
Another substance released during cellular respiration is carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is produced as a byproduct of the breakdown of pyruvate in the mitochondria. During this process, pyruvate is converted into a molecule called acetyl-CoA, which is then used to produce ATP through a process called the citric acid cycle (also known as the Krebs cycle). As part of the citric acid cycle, acetyl-CoA is broken down into carbon dioxide, releasing energy and producing more ATP in the process.
Heat is also released during cellular respiration, as a byproduct of the chemical reactions that produce ATP. The energy released during these reactions is partially converted into the form of heat, which is then released into the surrounding tissue. This heat production is an important part of the body's thermoregulation, helping to maintain a constant body temperature.
In summary, water, carbon dioxide, and heat are all substances that are released during cellular respiration, as byproducts of the chemical reactions that produce ATP. These substances are important indicators of the efficiency of cellular respiration, and their production and release is carefully regulated by the body to ensure that the cells have a constant supply of energy.
Bio Ch. 9 Questions Flashcards
B His cells cannot move NADH from glycolysis into the mitochondria. Most energy is produced during cellular respiration in the mitochondria, a process that involves breakdown of simple sugars to produce energy in the form of ATP, which is the usable form by the cell. However, the fragments will reseal "inside out. A NAD+ is reduced to NADH during glycolysis, pyruvate oxidation, and the citric acid cycle. The two processes of the carbon cycle are photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Which of the following statements accurately describes the function of a metabolic pathway involved in cellular respiration? ATP is transported into the cell from the circulatory system.
And remaining 4Co2 are formed during Kreb's cycle. In aerobic respiration, total 6Co2 molecules are generated per glucose molecule. What purpose must this serve? Filters catch large objects, so filters can be used to sort out large components of mixtures. It was converted to urine and eliminated from the body. B They would be converted to pyruvate and then undergo pyruvate oxidation upon transport into mitochondria. Curiously, the consumption of sugar increases as oxygen is removed from the organism's environment, even though the organism does not gain much weight. It takes more energy to make ATP from ADP and Pi using FADH2 than using NADH.
Most of the carbon dioxide released during cellular respiration is released during which stage?
B NAD+ is reduced to NADH during glycolysis, pyruvate oxidation, and the citric acid cycle. Electron transport would be unaffected but ATP synthesis would stop. In cellular respiration, carbohydrates are broken down to form ATP and carbon in the form of carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere. A glycolysis and the oxidation of pyruvate to acetyl CoA B oxidation of pyruvate to acetyl CoA and the citric acid cycle C the citric acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation D oxidative phosphorylation and fermentation E fermentation and glycolysis Starting with citrate, which of the following combinations of products would result from three turns of the citric acid cycle? More ATP is produced per CO2 released in cyclic processes than in linear processes. Which of the following events takes place in the electron transport chain? How is the energy released during cellular respiration used in the human body? C It is an unremarkable eukaryotic organism. In cellular respiration, carbohydrates are broken down to form ATP and carbon in the form of carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere.
What substance is released during cellular respiration?
This assumes that the sizes of each component are different and do not overlap. When electrons flow along the electron transport chains of mitochondria, which of the following changes occurs? Exposing inner mitochondrial membranes to ultrasonic vibrations will disrupt the membranes. Plants carry out cellular respiration only in organs such as roots that cannot carry out photosynthesis. A all cells, but only in the presence of oxygen B only eukaryotic cells, in the presence of oxygen C only in mitochondria, using either oxygen or other electron acceptors D all respiring cells, both prokaryotic and eukaryotic, using either oxygen or other electron acceptors An organism is discovered that thrives in both the presence and absence of oxygen in the air. A acetyl CoA, O2, and ATP B acetyl CoA, FADH2, and CO2 C acetyl CoA, NADH, and CO2 D acetyl CoA, NAD+, ATP, and CO2 Which of the following events takes place in the electron transport chain? After the disruption, which components involved in oxidative phosphorylation must be present for electron transfer and ATP synthesis to still occur? However, the fragments will reseal "inside out. Which one of the following statements about the redox reactions of the electron transport chain is correct? The chemiosmotic synthesis of ATP requires that the electron transport in the inner mitochondrial membrane be coupled to proton transport across the same membrane.
D It is a photosynthetic organism. Cellular respiration is a metabolic process consisting of a series of steps to convert chemical energy sugar into a usable form of energy ATP in the cell. First, however, the pyruvate 1 loses a carbon, which is given off as a molecule of CO2, 2 is oxidized to form a two-carbon compound called acetate, and 3 is bonded to coenzyme A. D Other cells take over, and the muscle cells that have used up their ATP cease to function. D They would have elevated blood-glucose levels, which may result in a high incidence of diabetes.
(04.03 LC) Which of the following is released during cellular respiration? Select one: a. Carbon
B loses electrons and loses energy. A two molecules of ATP are used, and two molecules of ATP are produced B two molecules of ATP are used, and four molecules of ATP are produced C four molecules of ATP are used, and two molecules of ATP are produced D two molecules of ATP are used, and six molecules of ATP are produced The immediate energy source that drives ATP synthesis by ATP synthase during oxidative phosphorylation is the A flow of electrons down the electron transport chain. A gains electrons and gains potential energy B loses electrons and loses potential energy C gains electrons and loses potential energy D loses electrons and gains potential energy Which of the following statements about NAD+ is true? She discovers that the dog's mitochondria can use only fatty acids and amino acids for respiration, and his cells produce more lactate than normal. It produces much less ATP than does oxidative phosphorylation. Filters allow objects that are less than a specific size to pass … through, which lets you sort a mixture.
Which statement about the citric acid cycle is correct? Of the following, which is the best explanation of the dog's condition? The metals consist of aluminum, steel, and copper. In the presence of oxygen, the three-carbon compound pyruvate can be catabolized in the citric acid cycle. What two major processes are involved in the cycling of carbon? Note that you should not consider the effect on ATP synthesis in glycolysis or the citric acid cycle. Oxaloacetate will decrease and citric acid will accumulate. The advantage of an electron transport chain is that a small amount of energy is released with the transfer of an electron between each pair of intermediates. The molecule that functions as the reducing agent electron donor in a redox or oxidation-reduction reaction A gains electrons and gains energy.
What purpose must this serve? B The rate of ATP production would decrease, while carbon dioxide production would increase. C It serves as the final acceptor for electrons from the electron transport chain. First, however, the pyruvate 1 loses a carbon, which is given off as a molecule of CO2, 2 is oxidized to form a two-carbon compound called acetate, and 3 is bonded to coenzyme A. These biosensors monitor lactate, a form of lactic acid, released in sweat during strenuous exercise. C Most of the free energy available from the oxidation of glucose remains in pyruvate, one of the products of glycolysis. What is the advantage of such an electron transport chain? In photosynthesis carbon from carbon dioxide is fixed into carbohydrates. Which of the following describes the process of glycolysis? The enzyme phosphofructokinase PFK catalyzes a key step in glycolysis.
Oxygen is reduced to form water and Carbon of glucose combines with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide. It allows for an increased rate of the citric acid cycle. Starting with citrate, which of the following combinations of products would result from three acetyl CoA molecules entering the citric acid cycle? C NAD+ has more chemical energy than NADH. A acetyl CoA, FADH2, and CO2 B acetyl CoA, NADH, and CO2 C acetyl CoA, NAD+, ATP, and CO2 D acetyl CoA, O2, and ATP What kinds of cells carry out ATP synthesis by chemiosmosis? A Most of the free energy available from the oxidation of glucose is used in the production of ATP in glycolysis. During cellular respiration, glucose and oxygen are converted into carbon dioxide and water, and the energy is transferred to ATP. It does not involve organelles or specialized structures, does not require oxygen, and is present in most organisms.
Carbon dioxide is released during which stages of cellular respiration?
It represents the first stage in the chemical oxidation of glucose by a cell. Oxygen participates directly in the reaction that makes ATP from ADP and P. A competitive inhibition B allosteric regulation C the specificity of enzymes for their substrates D positive feedback regulation Canine phosphofructokinase PFK deficiency afflicts Springer spaniels, affecting an estimated 10% of the breed. C Both oxaloacetate and citric acid will decrease. Citric acid binds to the enzyme at a different location from the active site. Before cellular respiration can begin, glucose must be refined into a form that is usable by the mitochondrion.